Learning outcomes of the course unit
The purpose of the course is to provide students with tools in order to comprise the variety of the reasonings on the moral issues related to the research and development of biotechnological applications in dentistry for being aware of the motivations that underlie chosen and norms that invest the biotechnologies.
At the end of the course the student will be able:
-to identify the fundamental principles that are in some way common to the various bioethics positions;
-to know, to comprise, and to explain the supported reasonings in order to defend the various positions bioethics positions about: animal testing , tissue engineering, professional-patient relationships.
Course contents summary
The first lesson has the task to supply fundamental information on the bioethics, the successive lessons will regard the ethical and normative aspects of more specifically dental interest. Particular attention will be paid to develop to the ability to analysis and argument bioethics aspects that involve the research and the practical aspects of the dental profession such as the informed consent, the necessity of treatment, the dentist/patient relationships.
The origins and development of bioethics; Morality and bioethics as applied ethics: Cultural models of the Societies; Bioethical aspects of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine; Ethics of animal experimentation; Deontological code; Informed consent; Aesthetic medicine.
David T. Ozar, David J. Sokol: Bioetica Clinica in odontoiatria. Principi professionali e applicazioni pratiche. Ed. Vita e Pensiero
Corbellini G., Perché gli scienziati non sono pericolosi. Scienza, etica e politica. Longanesi, Milano, 2009
Comolli GM : Manuale di Bioetica http://www.gianmariacomolli.it/bioetica-comoll
Lectures will be supported by slides and literature, which will be provided to the students.
The course is structured in lectures. Each meeting will develop one of the topics described in the program. The lesson includes a presentation of the teacher who introduces the topic. The topic is then discussed illustrating the different interpretive approaches. Students are encouraged to express their opinions and discuss. The purpose of providing an opportunity for information and training of critical thinking. At the end of the lesson the teacher makes a summary of the positions emerged and recommended further reading.
Assessment methods and criteria
The examination is oral and aims to assess the bioethical skills acquired , through open-ended questions ,and request to argue and compare thesis and different models. The examination also include the discussion of a topic, chosen among those presented during the course , on which it is carried out a specific study.
Evaluation criteria are:
- Argumentative skills;
- Accuracy and competence in the terminology adopted during the oral examination;
- Ability to join technical, and International comparative data during the discussion of chosen topic;
At the end of the examination each teacher will formulate a judgment:
A. Excellent knowledge and understanding of the topic. High capacity for critique and analysis of the issues. Mark out of thirty: 30.
B. Good knowledge and understanding of the subject with some serious inaccuracies. Good ability to critique and analysis of the issues. Mark out of thirty: 27-29.
C. Good knowledge and understanding of the subject despite some shortcomings. Ability to critique and analysis of themes: Mark out of thirty: 24-26.
D. Knowledge and understanding of the fully sufficient even if there are obvious gaps. Mark out of thirty: 21-23.
E. Knowledge and understanding of the subject with just enough obvious and serious flaws. Mark out of thirty: 18-20.
“Lode” will be offered to students who have achieved 30/30, for the demonstration of independence of judgment, high communication skills and ability.