PHYSIOPATHOLOGY OF WATER-SALINE AND ACID-BASIC BALANCES
Learning outcomes of the course unit
To know and to understand the physiopathological bases of the main disorders of osmotic and electrolyte disturbances so as to apply this information to the study of kidney disorders.
The requirements have been determined by the Medical School Council.
Course contents summary
1) The pathophysiology of fluid and electrolyte disorders. Volume regulation at cell and body level. Edema. Hypernatremia and hyponatremia.
2) The pathophysiology of acid-base disorders. Acidosis and alkalosis.
3) The pathophysiology of potassium, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium disorders.
Harrison's: Principles of Internal Medicine. McGraw-Hill Ed., 17th ed, 2008
Schena, Selvaggi et al.: Malattie dei Reni e delle vie Urinarie. Mc Graw Hill Ed., Milano, 4 ed, 2008
Interactive oral lessons supported by iconographic material that will be available for students.
Assessment methods and criteria
Objective achievement will be evaluated for the whole Integrated Course of Nephrology through an oral examination with a preventive multiple-choice test. Some questions will specifically concern the subjects treated in this course. See the site of the Course of Kidney Disease for further information.