Learning outcomes of the course unit
The purpose of the course is to widen and deepen the notion that were acquired in the course of Applied Geology A in order to allow the students to better face and manage the geological and environmental problems in the design of civil constructions.
Course contents summary
Engineering Geology concepts; instrumentations for rock and soil analysis
Geological and geomechanical survey
Preliminary study, survey devices, on site observations, relation between different geological formations, geological limits, Geomorphological characters, survey of tectonic structures, survey for applied geology studies
Geology and territorial planning
Planning levels, Risk atlas, PTCP maps, Tematic maps od PRG, Final design, constructive design, lithostratimetric sections, geotechnical model PIAE, Tematic maps of PAE.
Geologica subsurface exploration
The borehole suvey: programming and controllino. Restitution, elaboration and interpretation of stratimetric data. The penetrometric tests, Construction of stratigraphic profiles and geotechnical models. Geophisical survey: local seismic response, Seismic prospection on surface. Seismic prospection in boreholes (down hole, cross hole, tomography). Characterization of soils related to the new seismic regulations.
Hydrogeology and vulnerabilità
Water table restituition, hydrogeological maps, analisys of piezometric surface, definition of startum regimen, The hydrogeological vulnerabilità: methodology for the definition of the vunerability and mapping. Rappresentazione delle falde, tipi di carte idrogeologiche. Analisi della morfologia della superficie
The construction of road embankments and trenchs; stability of the embankments and verification of settlements, qualification of construction materials, stability of scarps, road foundation. Reinforcement of road foundation and scarps.
The dynamics of natural slopes
Naming and definitions of landslides. Superface and in depth controls, the geomorphological risk, Hazard, Esposition, vulnerabilità. Evaluation of landslide hazard, Prevision, prevention and mitigation of landslide risk. The geomorphological and stability mapping. Methodology for the drainage and consolidation of natural slopes.
Stabilization interventions on slopes
Introduction. Intervention to reduce the mobilized shear strenght, intervention to increase the shear strength of the materials, Stabilization of slopes subjected to rock fall and toppling.
Shallow and deep tunneling. Natural and artificial galleries, Geological and hydrogeological surveys for the choice of the layout. Geological and geotechnical problems arising during excavation. Design techniques and solutions.
Dams and fluvial embankments
Geomorphological study of the foundation of a soil dam. The research of materials for the construction and their qualification. The various types of soil dams.
Bettering interventions for rocks and soils. Conservative measures.
Lessons with eventual field experiences