LABORATORY OF AUTOMATICS DESIGN
The objective of the laboratory is computer literacy with regard to the principal design programmes.
Having already sat the Design exam is recommended as preparation.
The laboratory of digital design will be held at the Laboratories for Basic Computer Science at the Engineering didactic centre and will include communication studies designed to provide basic knowledge on the use of computer tools directed toward graphic restoration of designs.
Because of their wide variety, the choice of software with which to perform the exercises has fallen to the AutoCAD for Windows, in the versions available in the Basic IT Laboratories of the department. During the tutorials, the basic concepts and essential commands will be explained so that it will be possible to proceed with the realisation of any type of two-dimensional or three-dimensional design.
These exercises will be verified with the assignment of a graphic exercise to be carried out and made possible through the acquired concepts.
In detail, the communication studies will be structured as follows:
The basic principles of Autocad: the concept of scale; the concept of working on multiple levels (from which the creation of a prototype design using several layers), attributes of layers (colour, line type, etc.); to draw a line without points of reference (ortho ON and ortho OFF); the display within Autocad.
To draw the fundamental entities (points, lines, polylines, arcs, circles, etc.) using the coordinates of Autocad; angles in Autocad; Object Snap; graphic shading. Query the designed entities: the List and Distance commands. Some of the commands can act to modify design entities: delete, copy, move, offset, couple, top, mirror, wheel series alignment, stretch, scale, size, extend, exploded (view). Dimensioning in AutoCAD. Write with Autocad. Change the attributes of designed entities: change properties, modify text.
At the conclusion of the CAD laboratory, students will be required to realise an exercise that envisions the application of learned concepts relating to the principal Design programme commands used, as well as the principles of construction representation on different scales, finalised with the realisation in an urban framework of an object in the context on a scale of 1:5,000 and 1:1,000 /1:500, in addition the design of the plans, perspectives, sections, axononometry, a perspective and a construction detail of a building or a complex of buildings, previously agreed upon with the professor and common to the Design course.
The building elements must be represented on different scales of representation and are to be composed on a single graphic plate in A1 format (84 x 59.4 cm), horizontally positioned; the final printing scale of the plans, perspectives and sections must be 1:100, in consequence of which the level of definition of the designs must be congruent with the chosen scale, avoiding both an excess of information transmitted by a design with redundancies, right for a larger representation scale (1:50), as well as excessive expressive synthesis, right for a lesser representation scale (1:500); the levels of graphic special-purpose language will be, however, provided by the faculty. The prototype file to be used as a reference and any other material on digital format are available on the website:
P. Clini: "Architettura in CAD. Metodi e tecniche per la rappresentazione", Pitagora Editrice, Bologna, 2008
G. Koser, D. Zirwas: “Fondamenti di Autocad. Un approccio progressivo”, Pearson, 2008
V. Caffi, L. De Andrea: “Modellazione 3D con Autocad. Dal modello alle viste”, Pearson, 2010
The assessment will be carried out by the examination of the graphic designs realised with the pre-selected IT design tool used during the laboratory.