GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
to provide the first year students with the basic concepts of chemistry
Course contents summary
Atoms and elements – Compounds and molecules – Chemical reactions – Atomic structure – Electronic configuration and periodic properties – Basic concepts on the chemical bond and on the molecular structure – Further concepts on the chemical bond: orbital hybridization, molecular orbital theory and metallic bond – The states of aggregation – Gases and their behaviour – Intermolecular forces – liquids and solids – Solutions and their behaviour – The control of chemical reactions: thermodynamic and kinetic aspects – The principles of thermodynamics and their implications in a chemical context – Spontaneity of the chemical reactions: enthropy and free energy – Chemical equilibrium – The chemistry of acids and bases – Buffer systems – Precipitation reactions – Thermodynamics of redox reactions: electrochemistry – Kinetics: rate and mechanisms of chemical reactions – Chemistry of the elements and of their compounds: the s and p blocks and the transition elements of biological relevance.
Kotz & Treichel CHIMICA, ed Edises, Napoli
Bandoli, Dolmella, Natile Chimica di base, ed. EdiSES, Napoli.
Manotti Lanfredi, Tiripicchio - Fondamenti di Chimica, Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, Milano
The course is structured in lectures with the aid of material accessible on-line(biotecnologie.unipr.it). From time to time the students will be assessed to control their level of comprehension.
The exam is oral and consists of a series of questions that follow the order of the main chapters of the course: atomic and molecular theory (including nomenclature and stoicheiometry), chemical bond (molecular shapes), thermodynamics (thermochemistry and equilibria in solution) and kinetics (reaction mechanisms).