ORGANIC CHEMISTRY BASICS
Origin and development of organic chemistry as a science. Functional groups of the main organic compounds. The carbon atom as a focal element in organic chemistry. Relationships between the structure of an organic compound and its physical and chemical behaviour. Hybridation,molecular geometry, electronegativity, polarity of organic compounds. Resonance of organica compounds. resonance, Configurational and conformational isomerism. Conformational analysis of linear and cyclic alkanes. Constitutional isomerism and stereoisomerism. Chirality, enantiomers, diastereoisomers, meso compounds, geometric isomerism. Thermodynamic and kinetic control of organic reactions. Reaction kinetics, activation energy, catalysis. Reaction mechanisms. Resonance in organic compounds. Radical and ionic reactions. Nucleophilic and electrophilic species. Acidity and basicity in organic chemistry, acid-base reactions. Oxidative-reductive reactions. Monomolecular and bimolecular nucleophilic substitutions at saturated carbons. Monomolecular and bimolecular beta-elimination reactions. Main solvents and their use in organic chemistry. Organometallic reagents, Grignard reagents. Electrophilic additions to alkenes and alkynes. Regioselective, stereospecific, and stereoselective organic reactions.
Aliphatic domain. Structure, nomenclature, natural occurrence, physical properties, reactivity, and synthesis of the following compound classes: alkanes, cycloalkanes, alkyl halides, alkenes, alkynes, alcohols, polyols, thiols.