HISTORY OF THE GREEK LANGUAGE
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The main objective is the acquisition of solid skills related to the history of Greek dialects from the archaic period (with a close examination of the Mycenaean period) until the formation of the “common language” and its Byzantine and modern developments, with special reference to literary languages.
Students are presented with literary and documentary texts from the epigraphic, papyrus and book traditions, to provide them with an exhaustive illustration of linguistic phenomena.
An important requirement to attend the course are the skills acquired during the courses taught by Prof. Gabriele Burzacchini, i.e. 12952 - Greek Literature I (10 learning credits), 13060 - Greek Literature (Module A, 5 learning credits), 16439 - Greek Literature (Module B, 5 learning credits) and by Prof. M. Magnani, 19934 - Greek Literature II (Module B, 5 learning credits) for degree course 0243, Literary Civilisations and History of Civilisations.
Course contents summary
The language of archaic epic poetry.
The series of lectures will focus on the analysis of the language in archaic epic poetry, dealing in particular with Homeric language and contemporary critical perspectives. Part of the lectures will be dedicated to the historical lineaments of the Greek language, with special emphasis on documentary and literary texts of epigraphic origin.
Lecture part: the reading list will be provided during the course.
Institutional part: O. Hoffmann-A. Debrunner-A. Scherer, Storia della lingua greca, I-II, Italian translation by F. Bonino, with introduction by M. Gigante, Napoli (Macchiaroli) 1969, or A. Meillet, Lineamenti di storia della lingua greca, Italian translation by D. Lanza, Torino (Einaudi) 2003, or V. Pisani, Manuale storico della lingua greca, Brescia (Paideia) 19732. In addition, students are recommended to consult: P. Chantraine, Morphologie historique du grec, Paris (Éditions Klincksieck) 19612, L. Heilmann, Grammatica storica della lingua greca, with Cenni di sintassi storica by A. Ghiselli, Torino (SEI) 1963 (Enciclopedia classica, II, V/3), M. Lejeune, Phonétique historique du mycénien et du grec ancien, Paris (Éditions Klincksieck) 1972 (for phonetics and historical morphology); Y. Duhoux, Introduzione alla dialettologia greca antica, Italian translation by F. De Martino, Bari (Levante) 1986; L. Bottin, Testi greci dialettali, Padova (Imprimitur) 2000 (for dialectology); P. Szemerényi, Introduzione alla linguistica indoeuropea, by G. Boccali-V. Brugnatelli-M. Negri, Milano (Unicopli) 1985, W.P. Lehmann, La linguistica indoeuropea. Storia, problemi e metodi, Italian translation by F.A. Leoni, Bologna (Il Mulino) 1999 (for Indo-European).
Teaching methods are based on classroom lectures, but may at times take the form of seminars. Lectures are accompanied by tutorial sessions.
Assessment consists of an oral exam to ascertain that the course goals have been attained.