INTRODUCTION TO THE PHYSICS OF MATTER
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The aim of the Curse is to treat the concepts on the basis of the physical and chemical properties of the matter, following a phenomenological and theoretical path.
The Course requires the knowledge of elements of Electromagnetism, of Classical Statistics, of Relativity, of Waves and Optics.
Course contents summary
Recalls. Thermal radiation and Planck’s postulate. Einstein’s quantum theory. The photoelectric effect. The Compton Effect. The models of the atom. The quantization rules.
One-electron atoms. Probability densities. Orbital angular momentum. Orbital magnetic dipole moments. The electron spin. The spin-orbit interaction. Transition rates and selection rules.
Multielectron atoms. Identical particles. The helium atom. The Hartree theory. The periodic table. X-ray spectra. The Russel-Saunders coupling. Atoms in electric and magnetic fields. The population of electronic states. Laser.
Molecules. Ionic and covalent bonds. The adiabatic principle. Molecular orbitals. Rotation, vibration and electronic spectra. The Franck-Cordon diagram. Fluorescence and phosphorescence.
Solids. Phase diagrams and phase transitions. Liquids, solids and metastable states. Electronic and vibration bands. Metals, insulators, semiconductors, magnetic and superconducting materials.
1. B.H. Bransden, C.J. Joachain, “Physics of Atoms and Molecules”, Longman, Harlow (1992)
2. R. Eisberg, R. Resnick, “Quantum Physics” John Wiley & Sons, New York (1985)
3. N.W. Ashcroft, N.D. Mermin, “Solid State Physics”, Saunders College, Philadelphia (1976)
4. R. Fieschi, R. DeRenzi, “Struttura della materia”, Nuova Italia Scientifica (1995)
5. C. Kittel, “Introduzione alla Fisica dello stato solido”, Boringhieri, Torino (1971)