LEARNING OUTCOMES OF THE COURSE UNIT
The students have to acquire the in-depth knowledge of physiopathology of main organs and apparatus.
Propedeutics to: Pathological Anatomy I and II and Necropsy – Internal Medicine – Pathological Surgery and Radiology – Infectious Diseases – Ostetrics
Propedeutics done: Microbiology and Immunology and Epidemiology, Physiology II - Endocrinology.
COURSE CONTENTS SUMMARY
Physiopathological aspects of the main organs and apparatus
PREPARATORY BOOKS FOR EXAMINATION:
1) V Kumar, A. Abbas, N. Fausto: “Robbins e Cotran: Le basi patologiche delle malattie. Patologia Generale” (2006), Elsevier Italia, Srl, Milano.
2) McGavin M.D., Zachary J.F. Patologia generale veterinaria. (2008). Elsevier Masson, Milano.
3) G.M. Pontieri, M.A. Russo, L. Frati . Patologia Generale vol. I e II (2005) Piccin, Padova. Piccin, Padova.
4) M.U. Dianzani- I. Dianzani- U. Dianzani Istituzioni di patologia generale IV ed. (2004) UTET, Torino
1) Dunlop R.H. Malbert C.H. Veterinary Pathophysiology. (2004) Blackwell Publishing, Ames, USA. 2) Marcato P.S. Patologia Sistematica Veterinaria (2002). Edagricole, Bologna.
LESSONS AVAILABLE ON LINE
ASSESSMENT METHODS AND CRITERIA
The student may choice between:
1) Written examination
15 multichoice questions with a open explanations and a brief oral question for
2) Oral examination: 3 questions on theoretical contents
1 question on practicals contents
Oral and written examinations consist in questions on both theoretical and practical contents of the Integrated Course.
A mid-term (“in itinere”) written examination can be performed on the contents of general pathology, oncology and immune-pathology before the end of the lessons and the first official exam’s session.
Then, the students must complete the examination on the contents of physiopathology at the official session within the examination’s session of September.
Classroom lectures and practicals (14 hours)
Physiopathology of infection: damage by virus and bacteria, endotoxic and septic shock, the innate and adaptive immune response to virus and bacteria
Classrooom practice with "solving problems"
Physiopathology of bone and joints:
- Calcium/phosphorus imbalances;
- Metabolic bone diseases (rickets, osteoporosis, osteomalacia, fibrous osteodistrophy Calcium/Phosphorus balance’s disorders.
- Degenerative and dyschondroplastic joint diseases in animals: pathogenetic aspects and practical activity in lab with observation of gross lesions, evaluation of the severity of lesions, "solving problems" and introduction to concepts propedeutics to orthopedic clinic.
Physiopathology of kidney: acute and chronic failure, nephrotic and uremic syndromes
Physiopathology of blood: leukocytosis, leukopenia, anaemia, polycvthemia, hemorrhagic disorders.
Practical activity on the preparation of blood samples, observation of cytologic features of aenemias and "solving problems".
Physiopathology of water and acido-base imbalances: dehydration, acidosis and alkalosis.
Hemodynamic disorders. edema, hyperaemia, haemostasis and thrombosis, embolism, infarction, shock. Classroom practice with "solving problems"
Hepatic physiopathology: jaundice, steatosis, liver failure
Lung and cardiac physiopathology: the respiratory failure, edema, emphysema, the hearth failure