Learning outcomes of the course unit
Acquirement of methodologies of experimental investigation. Mastery of advanced electronic instrumentations.
The Course requires the knowledge of elements of Quantum Mechanics, Structure of the Matter, Statistics and Informatics.
Course contents summary
Ionization detectors. Scintillation detectors. Photomultipliers. Semiconductor detectors.
Preamplifiers and amplifiers. Discriminators. ADC and DAC converters. Multichannel analyzers. Coincidence.
Radioactive sources. Alpha and Beta decay. Emission of gamma rays. Electron capture. Internal conversion.
Resonant emission and absorption of gamma rays. The Debye model for solids. The hyperfine interactions. Mössbauer Spectroscopy in transmission geometry. Scattering techniques. Data elaboration and analysis.
Electron microscopy. Electrostatic and magnetic lens. Diffusion of electrons in solids. Elastic and anelastic scattering. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Image formation and contrast. X ray microanalysis (EPMA)
• W. R. Leo, "Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments", Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg (1987).
• G. C. Eichholz and J.W. Poston, "Principles of nuclear radiation detection", Ann Arbor Sci. Publ. Inc., Michigan (1979).
• G. K. Wertheim, "Mössbauer Effect Principles and Applications", Academic Press, New York (1964).
• M. Carbucicchio, "Mössbauer Spectroscopy", in "Physics of Metals", p. 108, E. S. Giuliano and C. Rizzuto eds., World Sci., Singapore (1988).
• A. Vertes, L. Korecz and K. Burger, "Mössbauer Spectroscopy", Elsevier Sci. Publ. Co., Amsterdam (1979).
• C.E. Hall, "Introduction to electron microscopy", McGraw-Hill Book Co. (1966).
• S.J.B. Reed, "Electron Microprobe Analysis", M. Woolfson and M. Ziman eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1975).
The Course includes lectures and laboratory experiments. The valuation takes place during the experiments. A final report and discussion is also required.