ARCHEOLOGICAL RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The primary objective of the course is to communicate the main tools and methods of modern archaeological investigation, from both the theoretical and practical point of view. Secondary objectives are the recognition, understanding and cataloguing of archaeological sites, in order to protect, preserve and valorise them. Students will be guided in acquiring the necessary skills for decoding ancient signs in the modern landscape, from both the regional and urban point of view. The conscious acquisition of traditional sources of archaeology will be supplemented by skills related to the broad spectrum of new methods in archaeological research, borrowed from scientific and technical disciplines. Finally, students will be required to demonstrate their ability to compare data gathered for each site to the traces on the ground.
Course contents summary
Course title: Contemporary archaeological research.
Contemporary archaeological research: instruments, methods and new guidelines. Contemporary archaeological investigation instruments and methods based on current guidelines. Acquisition of expertise on written and archaeological documents and on the use of new technologies applied to archaeology. Identification, understanding, documentation and valorisation of urban and regional archaeological contexts. Emergency and preventive archaeology. The archaeological site in a modern inhabited setting: perception and protection.
1. C. Renfrew, P. Bahn, L'essenziale di archeologia. Teoria - Metodi - Pratiche, Bologna 2009.
2. G. Poma (a cura di), Le fonti per la storia antica, Bologna 2008, gli articoli di seguito indicati: L. Quilici, La topografia antica; R. Vattuone, S. Giurovich, G. Poma, Le fonti letterarie; A. Donati, L’epigrafia romana; E. Ercolani Cocchi, La numismatica.
3. J.-P. Adam, L’arte di costruire presso i Romani, Milano 1984, con confronto di G. Lugli, La tecnica edilizia romana, Roma 1957, vol. 2, tavole.
4. L. Malnati, Archeologia preventiva: un metodo di ricerca, in Vesuviana. Archeologie a confronto. Atti del Convegno Internazionale (Bologna, 14-16 gennaio 2008), a cura di A. Coralini, Bologna 2010, pp. 355-358.
5. P.G. Guzzo, P. Liverani, La Virtual Archaeology e le istituzioni per la tutela e la fruizione, in Ut natura ars. Virtual Reality e archeologia. Atti della Giornata di studi (Bologna, 22 aprile 2002), a cura di A. Coralini e D. Scagliarini, Bologna 2007, pp. 11-16.
The teaching method used is tailored to the specific requirements of the discipline, involving communication of the main course contents through traditional classroom lectures and illustration of the most common instruments available used through practical applications of them. The archaeological application of the new methods also requires the organisation of periodic guided exercises to ensure the necessary level of familiarity with the instruments used. The assessment method includes an oral test of students’ familiarity with the course content, along with a practical exercise in applying the acquired methods.
Assessment methods and criteria
The assessment method includes an oral test of students’ familiarity with the course content, along with a practical exercise in applying methods in use.