HISTORY OF ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims to provide students with critical, informed and independent judgment, and to enhance their skills for communication and continue learning (Descriptors III-V of Dublin). In particular, the course aims to provide students with the following abilities of acquiring knowledge and understanding (Descriptor I of Dublin): 1.1) knowledge of the philosophical and scientific thought during the ancient and late ancient period; 1.2) abilities to read and understand the classics of ancient philosophy, both in the original Greek and in Italian translation; 1.3) knowledge of the ancient philosophical vocabulary and the different philosophical methods required for the discussion of topics and the interpretation of texts; 1.4) knowledge of the historiographical methodology of ancient philosophy. The course also aims to provide students with the following abilities to apply the acquired knowledge and understanding (Descriptor II of Dublin): 2.1) writing clear, documented and argument-based papers, by a proper use of the texts of secondary literature and primary sources; 2.2) application of the acquired knowledge in interdisciplinary areas; 2.3) reconstruction of the genesis and development of a concept or a doctrine; 2.4) identification of the connection of ideas between the history of philosophy and other areas of science and philosophy, in particular medieval and modern philosophy; 2.5) reconstruction of cultural contexts with particular attention to the interplay of the different positions that are involved.
Course contents summary
Course Title: The moral problem in the ancient world
After a brief overview of moral thought in the ancient world, pagan and Christian, we will pass to a guided reading of the central steps of the "Republic" of Plato, and later to read some writings of Epicurus and of the "De libero arbitrio" of S. Augustine.
A manual, of university-level, on Ancient Philosophy;
Epicurus, Moral writings, Bur, Milan 2007 ss.
REQUIRED READING: F. De Capitani, Manichaean Writings and antimanichaean, Uni-Nova, Parma 2004.
In addition to the texts of Mod A:
F. De Capitani (ed.), The "De libero arbitrio" of S. Agostine ..., Vita e Pensiero, Milano 2004 ff.
Lectures, presentations, term papers prepared by individual students or groups and their classroom discussion; eventual vision of bibliographic material preserved in libraries and related to the course; oral exposure of philosophical positions with public debate.
Assessment methods and criteria
Written essays personal; oral verification of the levels of learning achieved.