Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course provides basic notions on the principles of medicinal chemistry, on the chemical, physico-chemical and structural properties influencing drug action, and on the mechanism of action of the most important classes of drugs. Examples of biotechnology drugs and of drugs whose design and development were based on the application of biotechnological techniques will be treated.
Basic notions of organic chemistry and biochemistry
Course contents summary
Principles of medicinal chemistry
Naming of drugs
Classification of drugs
Moments of drug action: pharmaceutical, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic phases.
Chemical and physico-chemical properties influencing drug action: chemical reactivity, lipophilicity, ionization, solubility.
Drug targets and their mechanism of action.
Examples of drugs interacting with:
· nucleic acids,
Drug absorption and distribution, binding to proteins.
Drug metabolism: phase I and phase II transformations; toxicity of drugs
Selected examples of drugs:
Monoclonal antibodies and immunoconjugates
G. L. Patrick: “Introduzione alla chimica Farmaceutica”; Seconda Edizione, EdiSES, Napoli, 2010.
T. L. Lemke, D. A. Williams: “Foye’s Principi di Chimica Farmaceutica”; Quinta Edizione Italiana, PICCIN, Padova, 2010.
Calabrò M.L. Compendio di Biotecnologie Farmaceutiche. EdiSES, 2008.
Assessment methods and criteria
The oral exam at the end of the course will cover all the topics treated during the lessons. The student has to demonstrate that he/she has understood and is able to discuss the concepts of each topic.