ORGANIC CHEMISTRY AND LABORATORY
OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE
The goal of this course is to Introduce the students to a basic understanding of Organic Chemistry. In particular the student must be able at basic level:
• to understand and predict the physical properties and the reactivity of simple monofunctional organic compounds, moving from the evaluation of the structure,
• to discuss the thermodynamic and the kinetics aspects of the reactions,
• to employ the notational rules to represent the structure and the stereochemistry of organic molecules.
Basic knowledge of concepts from General Chemistry and in particular of the electronic structures of the atoms, the chemical bonds, the acid-base and the ox-redox reactions.
COURSE CONTENTS SUMMARY
Classification, notational aspects and physical properties of mono-functional organic compounds. Basic concepts of stereochemistry. Methodological aspects for the comprehension of substitution, addition, elimination reactions of mono-functional organic compounds
Organic compounds in the biological and in the industrial world. Carbon sources. Energetic aspects. Short review of the electronic structures of the atoms and of the chemical bonds. Dipole moments, intermolecular interactions and physical properties of the molecules. Thermodinamic and kinetic of the reactions. Hybrid orbitals of carbon atoms. Functional groups (structure, physical properties, reactivity, reaction mechanisms and intermediates, catalysis, nomenclature, notation rules): alkanes, cycloalkanes, alkenes, dienes, alkynes, aromatic hydrocarbons, alkyl and aryl halides, alcohols, phenols, ethers, epoxides, thiols and sulfides, amines, aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids, carboxylic derivatives, enols, organometals. Isomers, stereoisomers (conformations and configurations) chiral molecules. Resonance and aromaticity. Keto -enol tautomers. Electronic effects on the equilibrium and kinetic of the organic reactions. Acid base equilibria and factors involved. Ox redox reactions. Synthesis of the previously reported monofunctional organic compounds.
. J. McMurry - Organic Chemistry - Piccin, Padova
. Brown & Foote - Organic Chemistry - EdiSES, Napoli
. Paula Yurkanis Bruice - Organic Chemistry - EdiSES,Napoli
On the Web site of the course are present copies of the trasparencies employed during the lectures and several problems sets, some of these with the methodological approach of solving.
ASSESSMENT METHODS AND CRITERIA
Final examination: written with oral discussion
Classroom Lectures will be supplemented with discussions and problem solving. Tutoring is provided both during the lectures months and as preparation of the final evaluation.
The final evaluation is based on one written (or two during the lectures months) and one oral examination based on the solution and the discussion of specific problems.