NUCLEAR AND SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The aim of the course is to give the basic knowledge to describe nuclear and elementary particle phenomena by using the formalism of relativity and of quantum mechanics.
Basic knowledge of Quantum Mechanics and Theory of Special Relativity
Course contents summary
The atom, the nucleus, the fundamental fermions and bosons. The standard model of the fundamental interactions.
Invariance principles and conservations laws
The cross section, the coupling constant. Particles decays and lifetimes
The Dirac equation
Elements of special relativity and of relativistic kinematics
Introduction to the present knowledge of the fundamental interactions.
Introduction to hadrons and to strong interactions
The structure of the hadrons. The quark model
Weak interactions and neutrinos
The physics of the Nuclear interactions
Binding energy. Nuclear dynamics. Nuclear models. Beta, alpha and gamma decays.
Radioactivity and nuclear transition processes. ( nuclear fission, nuclear fusion )
Fission nuclear reactors
Nuclear fusion within the stars.
Particle accelerators and detectors
Particelle e Interazioni Fondamentali: Il Mondo Delle Particelle Elementari
by S. Braibant , G. Giacomelli and M. Spurio
Springer - 2009
ISBN: 8847011604 ISBN-13: 9788847011601
Written tests are planned along the course.
The final exam will consist in a written test and in a oral colloquium