Learning outcomes of the course unit
Acquire fundamental and epidemiological and statistical knowledge with regard to health-related events. Knowledge of the ethical issues inherent to the development of the life sciences and to professional relationships.
Course contents summary
Syllabus for Bioethics
Knowledge, principles and methods of Bioethics. Ethics in Dentistry. The dentist-patient relationship. Ethical problems linked to the beginning and end of life. Organ donation and transplantation: ethical problems. The Relationship between Ethics and Economy in the modern Health Service. New technologies and ethical issues (cloning, genetic engineering, genome) related to future developments also in the field of dentistry.
Syllabus for General and Applied Hygiene
Methodology Epidemiology History and applications of epidemiology. The sources of statistical-epidemiological data. The main measures in epidemiology: proportions and rates; incidence and prevalence; mortality and lethality. Standardisation of rates. Epidemiological measures of risk: Attributable Risk, Relative Risk.
Epidemiological studies: ecological, cross-sectional, case-control, cohort studies. Preventive and therapeutic experimental studies.
Efficacy assessment of medical interventions; ethical and privacy aspects.
Syllabus for Statistics
General part – Fundamental concepts and definitions- Descriptive statistics. Inferential statistics. Parametric and nonparametric statistics. Analysis of numerical data. Analysis of enumeration data. Relations between variables.
Barbuti S, Bellelli E, Fara GM, Giammanco G. Igiene. Monduzzi Editore 2002.
Montagna MT, Castiglia P, Liguori G, Quarto M. Igiene in odontoiatria. Monduzzi Editore 2004.
Cattorini: Bioetica. Ed Masson