## Learning outcomes of the course unit

Acquisition of basic measurement techniques and methodologies for experiments in Mechanics and Calorimetry, including software for data acquisition and analysis.

Theory of errors and basics of probability theory.

Acquisition of measurement techniques and methodologies concerning the proposed experiments.

## Prerequisites

Differential and integral calculus.

Kinematics and dynamics of material point, dynamics of rigid body, calorimetry.

## Course contents summary

Correlation coefficient, best fitting and regression, chi-squared tests.

Basics of theory of probability: statistics and probability, stochastic variables, discrete and continue events, events and sample spaces, dependent and independent events, conditional probability, probability distributions (Normal, Binomial, Poisson, etc.), estimators and their properties, distribution functions and probability density functions, law of very large numbers, central limit theorem.

Experimental work: laboratory experiments on Mechanics, Mechanics of continuous media and on Statistics, instruments in laboratory, data acquisition under computer control, software programs for data analysis.

## Recommended readings

J.R. Taylor, ‘‘Introduzione all’Analisi degli Errori’’, Zanichelli, Bologna.

M. Loreti, ‘‘Teoria degli errori e fondamenti di statistica’’, Zanichelli, Bologna. Vedi: http://wwwcdf.pd.infn.it/labo/INDEX.html

E.S. Ventsel, Teoria della Probabilità, Edizioni MIR, Mosca.

R. Scozzafava, , Primi passi in probabilità e statistica, Zanichelli, Bologna.

P. Mazzoldi, M. Nigro, C. Voci, ‘‘Fisica Vol. 1’’, EdiSES, Napoli

La Fisica di Berkeley – Meccanica, Zanichelli, Bologna.

R.G.M. Caciuffo, S. Melone, ‘‘Fisica Generale’’, MASSON Editoriale Veschi.

S. Rosati, ‘‘Fisica Generale’’, Editrice Ambrosiana, Milano.

## Teaching methods

Lectures, laboratory excercises, lectures on computer (software facilities, scientific computing, acquisition and treatment of data, experiment simulations).

The laboratory work is accounted for by written reports, one for each weekly laboratory experiment. During the course, some written exercises concerning the theory and the laboratory experiences are proposed. At the end of the course an oral and written examination and, in case of not positive evaluation during the course, a laboratory experience is required.