ANALYSIS AND REUSE OF HISTORICAL ARCHITECTURES
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Assuming that students are already familiar with the structural and construction characteristics of historical buildings and of the theories and techniques of architectural restoration, the teaching aim of the workshop is to deepen students’ understanding of the methods of historical research, of the application of restoration methods, of conservation and consolidation through analysis and planning as applied to an actual building.
The workshop also aims to provide students with the knowledge and documentation required to prepare their degree dissertation.
Students must have attended the restoration workshop during the first year of the advanced degree.
Course contents summary
The activity of the workshop consists in the analysis of a building or historic site chosen by the students, identifying its history, its state of deterioration, state of instability and planning an architectural intervention for its conservation or reutilisation or in any case a study for its redevelopment.
The workshop is structured around traditional classroom-based lessons, activities of analysis, surveying and planning, individual revisions and collective presentation-revisions.
Restoration and conservation
- Giovanni Carbonara, Avvicinamento al Restauro, Liguori Editore, 1997.
- M. Piera Sette, Il restauro in Architettura, UTET, 2001.
- Manuale del Restauro Architettonico, Mancosu Editore, 2001.
- Normal 1/88 (see NORMAL site).
- C. Campanella, Capitolato speciale d’appalto per opere di conservazione, Il Sole 24 ore, Milan, 1999.
- Rodolfo Antonucci, Restauro e recupero degli edifici a struttura muraria, Maggioli Editore, 2001.
- O. Belluzzi, Scienza delle costruzioni Vol. I, Zanichelli Ed., 1988.
- A. Giuffrè, Letture sulla meccanica delle murature storiche, Rome 1988.
- E. Benvenuto, La scienza delle costruzioni e il suo sviluppo storico, Sansoni, Florence, 1991.
Legislation concerning protection of monumental buildings:
- Legislative Decree no. 42 of 22 January 2004, “Cultural heritage and landscape code”.
- Decree of Ministry of Public Works of 20 November 1987 “Technical standards for the design, execution and testing of masonry buildings and their consolidation”.
Reinforced concrete and steel buildings.
- Law no. 1089 of 5 November 1971, “Standards governing building works in normal and pre-stressed reinforced concrete”.
- Decree of Ministry of Public Works of 16 January 1996, “Technical standards for the calculation, execution and testing of building works in normal and pre-stressed reinforced concrete and metal structures”.
Buildings in seismic zones.
- Law no. 64 of 2 February, “Provisions for buildings with specific requirements for seismic zones”.
- Decree of Ministry of Public Works of 16 January 1996, “Standards for buildings in seismic zones”.
- Directives concerning the development and execution of restoration projects, including “improvement”, anti-seismic and “maintenance” interventions carried out on architectural structures of historical value. National Committee for the Prevention of Cultural Heritage from Seismic Risk (Ballardini – Gavanini commission) 14.01.1989.
- “Prime Ministerial Directive (12 October 2007) for the assessment and reduction of seismic risk to cultural heritage with reference to technical building construction standards, Official Gazette of the Italian Republic, 29 January 2008.
- Consolidation Act : “Technical standards for buildings”, 14 January 2008
The course includes a number of classroom-based lessons with the aim of illustrating practical techniques and methods relating to historical analysis and planning of restoration.
Students are required to attend these lessons in order for their compulsory attendance of the workshop to be recognised.
Activities of analysis, surveying and planning
Students, in groups of two/three/four, are required to choose a dissertation supervisor and one of the proposed topics. If an existing building is chosen the student must produce a geometric survey, a historical study, a survey of the construction system and structural elements, an analysis of phenomena of deterioration and instability of the walls and finishing works (plaster, floors, fixtures, etc.) and the conservation project.
The collective presentations and handing in of the final collective revision, which will take place in June, of the final project (as a rough guide five A1 boards and an A4 binder containing historical notes, an illustrative report of the project, a report on the state of deterioration and an initial report on its stability, excluding structural details) constitute proof of the work completed that is necessary for attendance of the workshop to be recognised.
The groups may carry out revisions with individual teachers in order to present the work completed and may request specific indications concerning the various surveying, planning and structural analysis stages. As a rule each group has five revisions at its disposal (three concerning the main discipline and two for the module), in addition to the compulsory collective presentation-revisions.
To obtain the “signature” confirming that the student has taken part in the workshop activity, faculty regulations specify that “compulsory attendance” is necessary.
Attendance and participation in the workshop activities is attested to by students’ attendance of the classroom lessons (at least 70% of the lessons), their presence at the presentation-revisions and their handing in of the project not later than the end of teaching activities in June.