Learning outcomes of the course unit
This course would like to give an introductory knowledge for theother matters, such as Physiology. Moreover has the aim to introduce someconcepts for the understanding of important technologies and instruments thatare common in the medical treatment or diagnosis.
Course contents summary
Vectors and scalars. Units of physical quantities and systems ofUnits. Velocity and acceleration. Newton's laws. Gravity Universal lawgravitation. Acceleration due to gravity.Difference between mass and weight. Work, work power and energy. Types ofenergy : thermal energy, chemical energy, potential energy, kinetic energy, nuclearenergy. Law of conservation of energy. Friction. Types of friction-static friction, dynamic friction.Force and its relation to motion momentum. Principles of momentum. Center of gravity. States ofequilibrium, neutral equilibrium. Lever-types, applied to human body. Structureof solids; elastic properties; Young's modulus; elastic behavior ofmaterials. Elastic behavior of humanbone and blood vessel.
Fluids and Fluid Dynamics
Pressure. Stevino’s law. Pascal’s law.Archimede’s principle. Torricelli’s barometer. Rate of flow. Characteristics of the ideal liquids . Bernoulli’s theorem and its applicationon blood circulation. Real Liquids. Laminar Flow. Turbulent Flow. Reynolds’number. Measure of blood pressure. Surface tension, capillary action.
Heat, temperature, their measurements and Units. Heatconduction, convention, radiation. Specific heat. Latent heat. Calorimeter. Gases: Gaslaws. First and second principle of Thermodynamics.
Wave, Optics, Electricity , Magnetism and Radiation:
Vibrations: Simple harmonic motion,damped oscillations, driven oscillations and resonance
Waves: characteristics of waves, harmonic waves, the wave equation,superposition and interference of waves, standing waves. Sound: Sound waves,hearing, interference of sound waves, beats. Ultrasound . The Doppler effect.Eco-Doppler: an application of Doppler Effect.
Geometrical Optics: Refraction, reflection, Snell's law, total internalreflection, simple image formation by lenses, the eye, basic optical instruments. Interference oflight waves. Diffraction of light waves.
Electric charge. Coulomb’s law. Electric field. Electric potential,and the relationship between field and potential. Electric Current: The flow ofcharges and the definition of resistance; energy and current in dc circuits. Ohm'sLaw; series and parallel resistors.Kirchoff's Law. Resistor/capacitor and resistor/inductor circuits. AC circuitswith combinations of resistors, capacitors and inductors. Gauss's Law, flux ofthe electric and magnetic field. Electrocardiogram. Series and parallel capacitors; dielectrics and the storageof electrical energy.
Magnetic Field: Definition of magnetic field; fields and forcesgenerated by a conductor; torque on a current loop. Electromagnetic field andmotion of charges in magnetic field. Biot-Savart and Ampere's Laws; forcesbetween currents. Magnetic Induction: Faraday's Law and Lenz's Law.
Constituents of the atom. Radioactivity: exponential law of decay, half-life and decay constant.The electromagnetic spectrum; photon model of electromagnetic radiation. X-rayproduction and applications.
STANTON A. GLANTZ: Statistica per discipline Bio-mediche, McGraw?Hill
L. LISON: Statistica applicata alla biologia sperimentale, Casa Ed. Ambrosiana
Introduzioneai sistemi informatici (Terza edizione)D. Sciuto, G. Buonanno, W. Fornaciari,L. Mari, Mc Graw Hill, 2004
Physics WithIllustrative Examples From Medicine and Biology
George B.Benedek Felix M.H.Villars- Srpringer
Fisica conApplicazioni in biologia e in Medicina.
F. Borsa, D.Scannicchio Edizioni Unicopli