Learning outcomes of the course unit
The Course gives the keys to understand causes and effects of main principal natural processes and phenomena. The Course contains several connected arguments:
- Atmosphere and Hydrosphere of the Earth
- The world’s climates.
Course contents summary
The stars. The sun, internal structure and activity. Keplero and Newton laws.
The Earth rotation. Phisical effects of the Earth rotation.
The Earth revolution. Solstice and Equinox. Apparent path of the sun in the sky. The period of revolution: the year. Lengths of day and night. The twilight. The analemma.
The time. Local mean time and standard time. World time zones.
Atmosphere and Hydrosphere of the Earth.
Structure of the atmosphere. Solar radiation through the atmosphere.
Air temperature. Daily and seasonal variation in air temperature. Heating and cooling of sea-surface and earth- surface.
Atmospheric pressure. Cyclones and Anticyclones. The Wind. The Earth’s Wind systems.
The ocean waters and their circulation.
Atmospheric moisture. Clouds. Forms of precipitation. Air masses. Weather fronts. Cyclones of the middle latitude. Hurricanes and tornadoes.
The world’s climates.
The world’s climates. Strahler classification and Koppen classification. Climate diagrams.
A.N. STRAHLER: "Geografia fisica", PICCIN (1984)
A.N. STRAHLER: "The Earth Sciences", HARPER&ROW (1971)
A. STRAHLER, A. STRAHLER: “Corso di Scienze della Terra”, ZANICHELLI (1996)
T. McKNIGHT, D. HESS: “Geografia fisica. Comprendere il paesaggio”, PICCIN (2005)