Learning outcomes of the course unit
At the end of the course, the Students will be able to interpret the geological maps focusing on the reconstruction of the main geological events preserved in the mapped sedimentary successions.
Basic knowledges on stratigraphy, structural geology and tectonics.
Course contents summary
What is a geological map and its importance.
Parts composing the geological maps: the stratigraphic columns and schemes; the legend; the cross-sections; the explanatory notes.
Brief summary of different types of stratigraphic units represented on geological maps: litostratigraphic units; chronostratigraphic units; Unconformity Bounded Stratigraphic Unit.
Other types of stratigraphic units: allostratigraphic units; geochronologic units; biostratigraphic units; magnetostratigraphic and magnetic polarity units; ciclostratigraphic and sequence stratigraphic units.
Interpretation of stratigraphic successions in geological maps (exercises): recognize the main stratigraphic units mapped; reconstruct the depositional environments (deduced by the legend and/or explanatory notes); define main unconformities; identify main transgressions and regressions; recognize the different types of sedimentary basins and reconstruct their evolution.
Geological map of Italy of the series Carta Geologica d'Italia edited by Servizio Geologico d'Italia or Regional Geological Surveys.
Field excursions for analyzing the characters of sedimentary successions outcropping in the Apennines and Southern Alps of Italy.
Servizio Geologico d'Italia (ed) Geological maps of Italy at the scales 1:100.000 e 1:50.000.
Published geological maps of the area visited during the field excursions.
Società Geologica Italiana (ed) Guide Geologiche Regionali dell'Appennino e Alpi Meridinali. BE-MA editrice.
BUTLER B.C.M. e BELL J.D. 1991 – Lettura e interpretazione delle carte geologiche. Ed. It. A cura di E. Lupia Palmieri e M. Parotto. Zanichelli Editore, Bologna.
MALTMAN K. 1998 - Geological maps. 2nd edition. Wiley & Sons.
ROBERTS J.L. 1991 - Guida alle strutture geologiche. Muzzio Editore, Padova.
SIMPSON B. 2001 - Lettura delle carte geologiche. Ediz.italiana a cura di Cusimano e Di Stefano. Flaccovio Editore, Palermo.
SALVADOR A (ed.) 1994 - International Stratigraphic Guide. A guide to stratigraphic classification, terminolgy and procedure. 2nd edition published by International Union of Geological Sciences and Geological Society of America, 214.
Class lessons followed by field lessons on geological evolution of selected area of Apennnines and Southern Alps.
Oral exam on interpretation of geological maps with special emphasis on geological events recorded in sedimentary successions.