Learning outcomes of the course unit
At the completion of the course the student will be required to know and to identify by light mcroscopy the structure of the human cells and tissues. Eventually he will be required to show he has acquired the ability to observe and subsequently to describe biological objects with a suitable language.
Course contents summary
The biomolecules and the supramolecular complexes. (only as preparatory, basic instruction for the comprehension of the specific subject)
The protoplasm: structure, energetics and functional aspects. The extracellular matrix: structure and function
The animal cell: the cell as a chemical and physical environment. Cell cycle.
Technological foundations for the study of the living systems: Analytical and histochemical methods, microscopic techniques. The microscopes. The preparation of permanent histological samples. How to read an histological preparation.
The cell organelles and apparati. cytoplasmic matrix and cytoskeleton. The nucleus. Ribosomes, polysomes, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, endosomes, lysosomes. Mitotic and meiotic apparatus.
Somatic cells. Morphological and functional aspects of the differentiated cytotypes. Germinal cells.
The tissues. Epithelial and glandular tissues. Organization and general structure of the mucosa of the digestive, respiratory, genital and urinary apparati. The skin. Organization and general structure of the main exocrine and endocrine glands. Connective tissues. Cartilaginous tissue. The bone. The blood. Basic principles of hemopoiesis. Striated, cardiac and smooth muscle. General organization of the nervous tissue.
R. SCANDROGLIO: IL CORSO INTEGRATO DI ISTOLOGIA. Edizioni Santa Croce
The laboratory training regards the preparation of permanent histological samples and the basic principles of cell colture.