CUTANEOUS AND VENEREAL DISEASES
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The aim of the Dermatology course is to build a bridge between scientific knowledge deriving from the most recent pure and applied research and "classical" dermatological clinics. The fundamentals are increasingly able to provide interpretative and operative solutions to dermatological teaching related issues, with particular emphasis on skin semiotics, protean manifestations of clinical forms and differential diagnosis difficulties.
For a science such as Dermatology, which is clinically linked most of all to objectivity, it is of fundamental importance to integrate formal teaching with the interactive demonstration of clinical objectivity and of the various technical-diagnostic and therapeutic methods recently developed in the field of dermatology.
Course contents summary
Knowledge requirements: macroscopic, microscopic and physiological characteristics of the skin. Clinical-diagnostic approach to the dermatological patient and elementary lesions of the skin. Itching and related diseases. Parasitic diseases: acariasis and pediculosis. Erythematous-desquamative diseases: psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, pityriasis rosea. Skin-specific autoreactive diseases: lichen planus, lichenoid dermatitis, alopecia areata, vitiligo. Knowledge of the main autoimmune bullous diseases (pemphigus, lullous pemphigoid, Duhring's herpetiform dermatitis) and connectivitis (Lupus erythematosus discoid, morphea, dermatomyositis); skin manifestations in systemic connectivitis. Acne, alopecias, rosacea. Skin diseases requiring urgent intervention: urticaria angioedema syndrome, drug-related skind reaction, sting reactions, burns. Contact dermatitis (occupational and non-occupational). Pediatric skin diseases: angiomas, atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis. Bacterial diseases: impetigo, erysipelas, folliculitis. Viral diseases: herpes simplex, herpes zoster, molluscum contagiosum, HPV infections. Fungal diseases: pityriasis versicolour, candidiasis, dermatophytosis. Melanocytic diseases: Nevi and melanoma. Benign tumours, precancerosis, basocellular and spinocellular carcinoma. Lymphocytic proliferative diseases: Primary skin lymphomas. Sexually transmitted diseases: syphilis, gonorrhea, urethritis, balanopostitis, proctitis, skin manifestations in AIDS. Main environmental diseases: skin damage due to non-ionising radiations, pernio. Vascular skin diseases: ulcers, purpuras and vasculitis. Elementary topics of topic, physical and surgical dermatological therapy.
"Manuale di Dermatologia Medica e Chirurgica" (authors: T. Cainelli, A. Giannetti e A. Rebora).
classroom lectures, lectures in small groups, teaching-clinical demonstrations in small groups.