Learning outcomes of the course unit
The student must achieve the ability to evaluate clinical emergency requiring the intervention of the specialist in the critical medecine, surgery and cardiologic areas. The student will achieve competence in recognizing main diseases with urgency implications for the prognosis quod vitam, outlining the process for the correct diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and basic treatment. The course will be mainly focused on basic concepts of Triage and early differential diagnosis based on international guidelines and reccommendations in each specific area.
Course contents summary
Cardiocirculatory arrest: etiology. Pathophysiology, epidemiology and treatment
Acute myocardial infarction
Acute renal insufficiency
Circulation and respiratory tract ALS
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation- Mechanical ventilation principles
Shock: etiology, pathophysiology, epidemiology and treatment
Serious polytraumas. Coma and cerebral death, organ donation . Poisoning and intoxication
Monitoring the critical patient
Pulmonary diseases: ARDS,pulmonary embolism,edema,
Cardiac arrhythmias: etiology. Pathophysiology, epidemiology and treatment
Metabolism: uncompensated diabetes and other diseases
Pathophysiology and therapeutic diagnostic path:
Acute abdomen: peritonitis and occlusion
Penetrating abdominal traumas: Hemoperitoneum.
Rupturing aneurysms and limb ischemias
Thoracic traumas and emerging diseases of the thorax and of the mediastinum
M. Chiaranda: Guida Illustrata delle Emergenze- Piccin 2004
The teaching methodology will be based on the analysis of clinical scerarios with practical simulation of the diagnostic process and basis of treatment. Final evaluation will be based on the analysis of a clinical scenario.