HUMAN ANATOMY UNIT D
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims to provide students with basic knowledge of the anatomy of organs, systems and apparata; especially the anatomy of the musculoskeletal system and engine control systems, focalised to its application in physical activities and sports in the different age groups.
Course contents summary
Head and Neck; Chest; Abdomen; Upper limb; Lower limb.
Apparata and Systems:
Digestive System: histological general organization;
Buccal cavity; Pharynx; Esophagus; Stomach; Small Intestine; Large Intestine; Liver and Pancreas. The anatomical basis of intestinal absorption.
Heart; Aorta and its branches; the main arterial vascular districts; cava veins; general organization of the venous and lymphatic systems; The pulmonary circulation.
Histological and morpho-functional general organization;
Upper and lower airways; Trachea; Bronchi, Lungs and Pleura. The anatomical basis of the air-blood barrier.
Macro-microscopic anatomy of the kidney; The anatomical basis of filtration and re-absorption.
General organization of the male and female reproductive apparata. Gonads.
The endocrine system:
pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal gland, endocrine pancreas.
Classification of bones, joints and muscles.
Axial and Appendicular components of the skeletal system:
Bones of the skull, Temporo-mandibular joint, muscles of the head and neck and their innervation.
Spine; Anatomy of vertebrae, intervertebral Joints; muscles of the spine, thoracic cage; Ribs and costal cartilages; Sternum; costo-vertebral Joints; respiratory muscles.
Pectoral Girdle: Clavicle; Scapula; sterno-clavicular articulation; shoulder girdle muscles and their innervation.
Upper limb: homerous; joints of the shoulder; muscles that move the arm; radio and ulna; bones of the hand; elbow joints; Wrist and hand joints and the muscles that move the forearm and the hand. The brachial plexus and its nerves.
Pelvis: hip; Joints of the pelvis; muscles of the pelvic floor.
Leg: Femur; coxo-femoral joint; thigh muscles; Tibia and fibula; The knee; foot Bones; Leg muscles, muscles of the foot; The lumbo-sacral plexus and its nerves.
Applications of diagnostic imaging to the muscolo-skeletal system.
The Central and Peripheral Nervous System: spinal cord, brainstem, cerebellum; diencephalon; telencephalon. The sensitive and motor pathways. Neuromuscular spindles. Propioception. The anatomical basis of reflexes.
Anatomia dell'Uomo 2° ed. (Ambrosi et al.) Ed. Edi-Ermes e
Trattato di Anatomia Umana, Apparato Locomotore (Anastasi et al.) Ed. Edi-Ermes;
Anatomia Umana (F.H. Martini) Ed. Edises e
Anatomia dell'Apparato Locomotore (F. Farina) Ed. Edises. Lectures notes