PREHISTORY AND PROTOHISTORY (UNIT A)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Study of the evolution of man and the cultural phases of human history.
Course contents summary
Methodologies of prehistoric research.
? Brief introduction to the history of the subject.
? Methods and techniques used by anthropologists to study the past within an interdisciplinary context.
Cultural sequences in prehistory and protohistory.
? Hominisation and physical and mental evolution of humanity.
? Paleolithic. Man in the pre-Holocene era.
? Mesolithic. The last hunter-gatherers.
? Neolithic. The ?Neolithic transition?. The first communities of agricultural and livestock farmers.
? Metal Age. From the Copper Age to the Iron Age.
Social, economic and cultural evolution in prehistory and protohistory.
? The natural environment. Settlement systems. Nomadism of groups of hunter-gatherers in the Paleolithic age.
? The first communities of agricultural and livestock farmers and Neolithic sedentarization.
? Subsistence and exchange activity. Extraction, transformation and circulation of raw materials and manufactured goods. Organisation of work.
? Sedentary societies in the Metal Age. Processes of social differentiation, economic and artisan structures.
Aspects of the ideological world of ancient human communities.
? Spiritual manifestations Cult of bones, funereal practices; rites; use of colorants; collection of unusual objects; frequenting of religious sites or ?sanctuaries?.
? Artistic manifestations Wall art and furniture art. Origins of artistic expression: discovery, evolution and meaning. Natural and abstract art. Signs and symbols. Depiction of movement. Themes: hands; animals; imaginary animals and fantasy beings; depiction of man. Ornaments. Statue-columns.
R.G. Klein - Il cammino dell'uomo. Antropologia culturale e biologica. Zanichelli. Bologna,1995
A. Broglio, J.K. Kozlowski - Il Paleolitico. Uomo, ambiente e culture. Jaca Book. Milano, 1992
Seminars on specific topics by experts in the field and field trips to prehistoric sites are planned;
Given the nature of the subject, lecture attendance is recommended.
For those students who are unable to attend lectures, alternative solutions will be mutually agreed upon.