DISEASES OF THE VISUAL APPARATUS (B)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
To educate the student on the pathophysiology and clinical course of the main diseases in ophthalmology. The Course will encompass (a) lectures, (b) tutorials and (c) seminars. Students will, by default, attend all lectures and tutorials, but are free to choose the seminar(s), they are most interested in. Upon completion of the Course, each student will be able to discuss basic clinical cases by creating individual flow charts on diagnostics and therapeutics.
Course contents summary
Eye refraction. Refractive disease: pathophysiology and treatment (basics of refractive surgery), Basics of ophthalmic instrumental diagnostics (perimetry, electrophysiology, fluorangiography, echography). Orbit and lcrimal tract diseases. Differential diagnosis of anterior segment disease: basics on conjunctivitits, keratitis, uveitis. Glaucomas: chronic open angle, congenital, secondary, chronic and acute closed angle. The cataracts: congenital, acquired, age-related. Basics on cataract surgery. Retinal vascular diseases (arterial and venous occlusion). Diabetic and hypertensive retinopathy: diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, predictive value on long-term life-span prognosis. Vitreoretinal pathologies: rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, proliferative vitreo-retinopathy (PVR), age-related maculopathy, retinopathy of prematurity. Eyeball neoplasms: uveal melanoma, retinoblastoma. Basics in neurophthalmology: optic neuritis, papilledema, anisokoria, chiasmatic syndrome and optic tract compression. Uveitis and systemic disease. Congenital and concomitant strabismus. Functional ambliopia: diagnosis, treatment, prevention. Paralitic strabismus and gaze palsy.
C. Sborgia – N. Delle Noci, Malattie dell’Apparato Visivo, Ed. Piccin
J.J. Kanski, Oftalmologia clinica, Ed. Elsevier
L. Bonomi, Argomenti di Oftalmologia, Protei Editori
M. Miglior – B. Bagolini – B. Boles Carenino – N. Orzatesi – L. Scullica M. Zingirian, Oftalmologia Clinica, Ed. Monduzzi
Assessment methods and criteria