Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims to analyse the diverse problems of biology applied to the conservation of the historical-artistic and archaeological heritage. The approach is scientific since it is aimed at formulating a diagnosis of the various causes of degradation of artistic artefacts by biodeteriogens, in particular Bacteria, Cianobacteria, Fungi, Algae, Lichens and Higher Plants. Finally, a description is given of the methods used to prevent or in any case eliminate the main causes of alteration of biological origin
Students are required to have taken the General Botany, Systematic Botany and Applied Environmental Botany exams
Course contents summary
Introduction to the study of General Botany applied to the conservation of artistic artefacts: historical outline. Current national and international situation. - Regulations, Bodies responsible for plant biology research in the restoration field. - Evolution of plant organisms. The plant cell. Short account of Histology, Anatomy and reproduction methods of plants. - Outline of Aerobiology: composition of the biological aerosol, dispersal of pollens and spores. - Plants and the environment: absorption of water and mineral salts. - The main biodeteriogens of the Archival and Book Heritage and their metabolism: Autotrophic bacteria, Heterotrophic bacteria, Actinomycetes, Fungi, Cianobacteria, Algae and Lichens. - Enzymic degradation of various substrates. Exoenzymes, endoenzymes. - phenomenology of biological alterations on various substrates, in particular on paper, textiles, parchment, leather, stone materials, glass and metals. - Diagnostic methods for biodeteriogens. - Biodeterioration prevention methods in indoor (museums, libraries, etc.) and outdoor (archaeological areas, parks, historic gardens) environments. - Treatments with biocides.
- " La Biologia Vegetale per i beni culturali " by G. Caneva, M.P. Nugari, O. Salvadori. Vol. I & Vol. II. Nardini editore Ed 2001.
- " Aerobiologia e Beni Culturali" by P. Mandrioli & G. Caneva. Nardini editore 1998.
Oral lectures and a case study