Learning outcomes of the course unit
The program's goal is to give to the student the basic instruments to rationally understand the fundamental processes of the organic and applied Chemistry even in connection with the sustainable development.
Exams of: General and Inorganic Chemistry
Course contents summary
Summary of the fundamental physico-chemical notions about thermochemistry, thermodinamic and kinetic. Soft interactions. Covalent bond. Atomic electronic configuration. Lewis structure. Ionic bond. Electronic structure and molecular shape. sp3, sp2 and sp orbitals. Functional groups. Acids and bases. Bronsted-Lowry theory. Lewis theory. Acid-base equilibrium. Alkanes and cycloalkanes. Isomeric structures. Nomenclature. IUPAC system. Conformations. Physical properties. Reactions. Alkenes. Structure. cis-trans and E-Z systems. Preparation. Natural alkenes. Reactions. Alkynes. Structure. Nomenclature. Physical properties. Preparation. Reactions. Dienes. Structure. Electrophilic addition. 1,2- and 1,4- addition. Chyrality. Enantiomer classification. Fisher structure. Optical activity- R,S system. Enantiomers and diastereoisomers. Meso-compounds. Resolution. Alcohols. structure. Nomenclature. Physical properties. Preparation. Reactions. Alkyl halides. Structure. Nomenclature. Preparation. Reactions with acids and nucleophyles. Nucleophylic substitution. SN1 and SN2. Conversion of alcohols into alkyl halides. Substitution-Elimination reactions. Ethers and epoxides. Structure. Preparation. Reactions. Aromatic compounds. Structure. Aromaticity. Nomenclature. Electrophylic and nucleophylic aromatic substitution. Aromatics preparation. Aldehydes and ketones. Structure and nomenclature. preparation. Reactions. Carboxylic acids structure. Nomenclature. Acidity. Preparation. Reactions. Acid derivatives. Idrolysys and reactions in general. Enolate anions. Production. Aldol reactions. Malonic abd acetoacetic synthesis. Amines. Structure and classification. Basicity. Preparation and reactions.
W. H. Brown
Introduction to the Organic Chemistry