## Learning outcomes of the course unit

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The main objective of the course is to teach the fundamental concepts of both Classical and Modern Physics in a way that will give students the opportunity to have a base for further in-depth study if they are interested.

## Prerequisites

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For an adequate grounding, knowledge of trigonometry is necessary.

## Course contents summary

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1st SEMESTER -MECHANICS AND THERMODYNAMICS

-Introduction- Base quantities, Sample of length, mass, time and electric charge, Systems of units

-Vectors- displacement, Sum and difference of vectors, Addition of vectors with the polygon rule, Resolution of a vector into its components, Determination of a vector according to its components. -Kinematics- Motion of a body at constant vector velocity, Motion of a body at constant acceleration, The equation of motion in one dimension Free fall of bodies, Projectile motion in one dimension, Projectile motion in two dimensions -Newton's laws of motion- First law, Third law, Second law, Applications of the second law

-Equilibrium- First condition of equilibrium, Moment of a force, Second condition of equilibrium, Equilibrium of a rigid body, Examples of rigid bodies in equilibrium -Uniform circular motion- Centripetal acceleration, Centripetal force, Newton's universal law of gravitation, Acceleration of gravity and Newton's universal law of gravitation, Acceleration of gravity on the moon and on other planets, Motion of satellites, The geostationary satellite -Energy- Work, Power, Gravitational potential energy, Kinetic energy, Conservation of energy -Momentum- Principle of conservation of momentum, Examples of the principle of conservation of momentum, Impulse, Simple harmonic motion, The reference circle, Potential energy of a spring, The Pendulum -Wave motion- Mathematical representation of a wave, Superposition principle, Stationary waves -Fluids- Density, Pressure, Pascal's law, Archimedes' principle, Continuity equation, Bernouilli's theorem, Applications of Bernouilli's theorem -Temperature and heat- Specific heat -Gas law- Gay-Lussac's first and second law, Boyle's law, Ideal gas law, Kinetic theory of gases -Thermodynamics- Work in a thermodynamic system, Heat added to or removed from a thermodynamic system, First law of thermodynamics, The petrol engine, Carnot cycle, Second law of thermodynamics, Entropy

2nd SEMESTER- ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM, OPTICS AND MODERN PHYSICS

Electrostatics- Electric charge separation by rubbing, Atomic structure, Coulomb's law -Electric field- Electric field of a point charge, Electric field of a current-carrying plate, Electric field of two parallel current-carrying plates, Electrical potential energy and electric potential, Potential of a point charge, Dynamics of a charged particle in an electric field -Electric currents- Electric current, Ohm's law, Electrical resistivity, Variation of resistance with temperature, Power dissipated in a circuit, Series and parallel resistors -Capacitance- The flat capacitor, Energy accumulated in a capacitor, Capacitors in series and parallel -Magnetism- Force acting on an electric charge in a magnetic field, Force acting on a current-carrying conductor immersed in a magnetic field, Generation of a magnetic field, Laplace's first fundamental law, Magnetic field at the centre of a current-carrying circular coil, Ampere's theorem, Force between parallel current-carrying conductors, Moment of force (torque) acting on a current-carrying coil immersed in a magnetic field, Permanent magnets and atomic magnets -Electromagnetic induction- Magnetic flow, Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction, Lenz's law, Alternating current generator, Mutual induction, The transformer -Maxwell's equations and electromagnetic waves, Gauss' theorem for electricity and for magnetism, Displacement current, Maxwell's equations, Production and propagation of an electromagnetic wave, Electromagnetic wave propagation velocity, The electromagnetic spectrum -Light and optics- Laws of reflection, The plane mirror and the spherical-concave mirror, Laws of refraction, Thin lenses and thin lens formula, Interference of light, Young's double slit experiment, Michelson interferometer - Restricted relativity, Galilean transformation and invariance of the laws of mechani

## Recommended readings

FONDAMENTI DI FISICA - Peter J. Nolan - Ed. Zanichelli

COMPLEMENTI DI FISICA - Peter J. Nolan - ED. Zanichelli

FISICA GENERALE - Jay Orear - ED. Zanichelli