INDUSTRIAL ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims at providing the principles of several processes in their modern version in order to give students the conceptual instruments for an innovative activity in the field of industrial research and development.
Course contents summary
The course covers the following subjects:
Oxidation processes: how to use oxygen; hydrogen peroxide and others simple oxidants; role of the metals; homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis of the oxidation processes of organic substrates; how to protect products and materials from the harmful effect of oxygen; catalyst design.
Hydrogenation processes: use of hydrogen and hydride transfer in homogeneous catalysis; asymmetric catalysis; use of hydrogen in heterogeneous catalysis.
Halogenation processes: chlorination, oxychlorination and fluorination.
Oxidation-reduction processes (electrochemical): new technology in electrochemical processes in organic solvents with particular regard to the duplication of acrylonitrile; techniques of oxidation and reduction with chemical reagents that revert to the initial oxidation state electrochemically.
Carbonylation processes: metal carbonyls; catalysis of the introduction of carbon monoxide into organic substrates to form aldehydes, ketons, acids and esters.
Carboxylation processes: direct introduction of carbon dioxide into organic molecules.
Formation of C-C bond processes: catalysis of cyanation, dimerization, oligomerization and metathesis of unsaturated substrates.
K. Weissermel, H.-J. Arpe, Industrial Organic Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 4th edition, 2003.
J. Hagen, Industrial Catalysis, Wiley-VCH, 1999.
P.W.N.M. van Leeuwen, Homogeneous Catalysis, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004.
G.C. Bond, Heterogeneous Catalysis, Oxford University Press, 1987.