CHEMISTRY AND INDUSTRIAL PROCESS TECHNOLOGY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course aims to describe the chemical and technological aspects of the industrial processes designed for the production os some of more important organic intermediates, also evidencing the factors which contribute to decide the choice of the more economically convenient industrial process.
Knowledge of Organic Chemistry
Course contents summary
Chemistry and technology of industrial processes to produce the more important organic intermediates from base chemicals.
The more important derivatives of base organic intermediates: ethylene, propylene, butadiene, isobutene, 1-butene, butane, benzene, toluene, xylenes, methanol.
Polymerization products and their production processes: LDPE, HDPE, LLDPE, isotactic polypropylene, polybutadiene.
Oxidation products of base intermediates and their principal derivatives: industrial processes for the production of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide, ethylene glycol, acetic acid and acetic anhydride, vinyl acetate, oxidation and ammoxidation of propylene, production of adiponitrile, production of maleic anhydride and 1,4-butandiol, production of adipic acid, oxidation of benzene to phenol, production of phtalic anhydride, terephtalic acid and dimethyl terephtalate, oxidation of methanol to formaldehyde.
Alkylation processes of benzene with ethylene and propylene: industrial production of ethylbenzene and cumene, industrial processes for the production of styrene, phenol, caprolactam.
Industrial processes for the production of dichloroethane and vinyl chloride.
Hydration products of olefins and their derivatives: production of ethanol and isopropanol, production of acetone, industrial processes for the production of methyl methacrylate.
Industrial processes of nitration of benzene and toluene, processes for the production of aniline and isocyanates.
1)Duplicated lecture notes
2)Harold A. WITTCOFF, Bryan G. REUBEN, Jeffery S. PLOTKIN, Industrial Organic Chemicals, 2nd Ed. Wiley InterScience, July 2004.
3)Philippe ARPENTINIER, Fabrizio CAVANI, Ferruccio TRIFIRO', The Technology of Catalytic Oxidations Vol.1 - Chemical, catalytic & engineering aspects Cap. 6-7-8 Ed. TECHNIP, France 2001.
Oral lesson aided by slide
Assessment methods and criteria