PATHOLOGICAL ANATOMY I
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course is organized in two semesters refers to general and special pathology, necropsy technique concerning lesions find in various systems and organs of domestic animals, with particular reference to infective, parasitic and nutritional pathologies that influence the cell request of oxygen, hydro-saline and acid-base nutriment. Furthermore, during the course, classroom and practice (histopathology and gross pathology as well as necropsy) are developed weekly.
General pathology , Animal Physiopathology and Veterinary Immunopathology
Course contents summary
Lecturers: Prof. Attilio Corradi (6 CFU)
Prof.ssa Annamaria Cantoni (6CFU)
Prof. Paolo Borghetti (1 CFU)
THE HEMATOPOIETIC SYSTEM
Disorders of erythrocytes. Erythrocytosis. Anemies. Myeloproliferative disease. Pathologies of thrombocytes. Disorders of hemostasis
Thymus, Lymph Nodes and Spleen: developmental disorders; inflammatory, degenerative and neoplastic diseases
THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
Pericardium: Collections. Metabolic alterations,. Pericarditis
Endocardium: Degenerative lesions. Circulatory disorders. Endocarditis
Myocardium: Dystrophies. Primary cardiomyopathies. Circulatory disorders. Myocarditis. Neoplasia.
THE VASCULAR SYSTEM
Arteries: Aneurysms.Trombosis and Embolism. Arteritis. Neoplasia
Lymphatics: Lymphangiectasia. Lymphangitis
THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
Nasal cavities and Sinuses: Circulatory and metabolic disturbances. Inflammation. Neoplasia.
Pharynx, Larynx and Trachea: Metabolic and circulatory disturbances. Inflammations. Neoplasia
Lungs: Atelectasis, Emphysema. Circulatory disturbances.Pneumonitis. Neoplasia.
Pleura: Circulatory disturbances. Pleuritis. Neoplasia
THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
Bone Patology: abnormalities of the development; metabolic diseases of bones; Inflammatory diseases of bones. Neoplasia.
Joint Pathology: degenerative joint disease (Osteoarthritis); developmental disturbances of joint (Osteochondrosis, Hip Dysplasia); Inflammatory diseases of joints (infectious, traumatic and immuno-mediated arthritis. Tumors of joints.
SKIN AND APPENDAGES
Principles of dermohistopathology, disorders of pigmentation, physicochemical diseases, actinic diseases, nutritional and circulatory diseases, endocrine disease, dermoimmunopahology, viral diseases, bacterial diseases, mycotic diseases, parasitic diseases, skin neoplasia.
Oral cavity diseases, salivary gland diseases, esophagus diseases, forestomach diseases (rumen dilation, traumatic reticuloperitonitis, viral, bacterial, mycosis, parasistic diseases, neoplasia).
Stomach circulatory disturbancies, gastritis and abomasitis, neoplasia.
Intestinal obstruction, nutritional and circulation disturbancies of intestine, viral enteritis, bacterial enteritis, parasitic enteritis, colitis.
Hyperplastic and neoplastic diseases of intestine.
LIVER AND BILIARY SYSTEM
Principles of liver histopathology (hepatocellular degenerations, pigmentations, necrosis), nutritional and circulatory disturbances, viral hepatitis, bacterial hepatitis, parasitic hepatitis, biliary system inflammation, cirrhosis and sclerosis, hyperplastic and neoplastic diseases of liver and biliary system.
Regressive changes, pancreatitis, neoplasia
PERITONEUM AND RETROPERITONEUM
Traumatic lesions of peritoneum and retroperitoneum, abnormal contents in the peritoneal cavitiy
Circulatory disturbancies, glomerular and tubular diseases, tubulo-interstitial diseases, neoplasia
Anomalies and inflammation of lower urinary tract diseases (ureters, urinary bladder, urethra), urolithiasis, neoplasia
Pitiuary and parathyroid diseases, circulatory and inflammation of thyroid, goiter and thyroid neoplasia, Adrenal cortex and medulla diseases. Diabetes mellitus.
FEMALE GENITAL SYSTEM
Ovary cists, hydrosalpinx, salpingitis, pyosalpinx, circulatory and nutritional disases of the uterus, hydrometra, mucometra, endometritis, pathologies of cer
GUARDA F., MANDELLI G.: Trattato di anatomia patologica veterinaria, UTET, Torino
MARCATO P.S.: Patologia sistematica veterinaria, Edagricole, Bologna, 2002.
PELLEGRINI:Tecnica delle autopsie, Utet, Torino, 1987.
Theorethical lessons are teached using multimedial videoproiection. Practical lesson are teached in necropsy room and in histopathology lab.
Final exams consists in three practical test (histopathology, isolated organs decsriptions and diagnosis or necropsy) and an oral examination.