Diet and nutrition
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The student should acquire knowledge for the chemical and biological assessment of foods for animals and for identifying the factors that affect the digestibility and use of the foods. Learn the concepts regarding the food ration and the nutritional requirements for the pig in relation to the various productive and reproductive times.
Possess knowledge regarding animal physiology with particular reference to the physiology of the digestive, reproductive and the lactation system.
Course contents summary
a) - Food. Chemical composition of fodder in relation to the systems of preservation and use and also of the simple feeds of plant origin (cereals, seeds and fruits of leguminous and non-leguminous plants, residues of the oil, milling and sugar industries, rice processing, alcohol and beer production, starch) and of animal origin (residues of the dairy and fish industries, butchery). Anti-nutritional factors. Water.
b) - Chemico-nutritional assessment of foods for ruminants and monogastrics
c) - Pig diet and nutrition. Energy, protein, mineral and vitamin requirements for maintenance, growth, pregnancy and lactation. Food plans for pregnant and lactating sows, for pigs being weaned and for growth and fattening. Food factors that affect reproductive and productive efficiency and also the quality of the derived products.
- Cevolani D. (2004) -Prontuario degli alimenti per il suino. Edag ricole, Bologna.
- Piccioni M. (1989) - Dizionario degli alimenti per il bestiame. Edagricole, Bologna
- McDonald P., Edwards R.A., Greenhlgh J.F.D. (1992) - Nutrizione animale. Ed. Tecniche Nuove, Milano
- National Research Council (1998) Nutrient Requirement of domestic animals: Pigs . National Academic Science. Washington D.C.
- Verstegen M.V.A., Moughan P.J., Schrama J.W. (1998) - The lactating sow. Wageningen Pers, Wageninge Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.- Pluske J.R., Le Dividich J., Verstegen M.W.A. (2003) - Weaning the pig.Wageningen Pers, Wageninge Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.