Learning outcomes of the course unit
The Course teaches the history of Western medicine with the aim of demonstrating that contemporary medical knowledge and practice are the fruit of a complex historical evolution which is still continuing today.
Modern medicine is intrinsically linked to other aspects (social, economic, philosophical and ethical) which involve morally controversial issues in medicine and the public health service: the aim of the course is to give students the opportunity to reflect on the professionalism of the physician, on the choices and the conflicts in the fields of both clinical medicine and research
Course contents summary
Why we should study the history of medicine. History of the University of Parma. Medicine of ancient and primitive peoples. Egyptian, Indian and Chinese Medicine, Greek Medicine. Hippocrates and Greek Medicine. Greek-Roman Medicine. Galenic Medicine. Medieval medicine and the founding of the University Founding and spreading of hospitals. Fifteenth and sixteenth century Renaissance medicine. The emergence of modern medicine and medical specialties. Monographic topics (historical imprint): Cultural and methodological models in medicine, Doctor-patient relationships, Migrations of peoples and “migrations” of physicians. Iatrogenic disease. Vaccinations. Introduction.
Medical Ethics and Bioethics. The principles of personal freedom, benefits and justice, the method, the topics. The new Hippocratic oath, from the ethical standpoint. the doctor-patient relationship. Communication, consent. The therapeutic relationship: from paternalism to alliance. Clinical Ethics: the patient’s preferences. Death. Euthanasia and heroic measures. Living wills. Palliative treatment. Biotechnology and Medicine: Genoma, staminal cells, Cloning. Bioethics and Environment. Artificial insemination. Embryo. Choices in Medicine. Economy in the Health service: ethical aspects. Blood donations and transfusions: ethical aspects. The ethics of organ donation and transplantation. Case discussions.
Tecnica, Medicina ed Etica. Hans Jonas. Biblioteca Einaudi
Storia della Medicina. A. Parodi. Edizioni di Comunita