Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course is designed to give the student the fundamental knowledge of the general anatomy with special emphasis on the locomotor and nervous systems.
Course contents summary
Surface Anatomy: head and neck, thorax, abdomen, limbs, pelvis.
Overview of the Bones, Joints, Muscles.
Axial : Skull, Spine, Thorax. temporo-mandibular joint, intervertebral joints, joints of the ribs. Muscles of the head and neck, Muscles of the back, Muscles of the abdomen wall, Muscles of the pelvic floor.
The scapular girdle: bones, joints and muscles.
Superior Limb: Clavicle, Scapula, Humerus, Radius, Ulna, Bones of the Hand. Joints: shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand. Muscles of the arm, Muscles of the wrist, Muscles of the fingers of the hand.
Inferior Limb: Pelvis, Femur, Tibia, Fibula, Bones of the Foot. Joints: hip, knee, foot. Muscles of the pelvis, of the thigh, of the leg and the foot.
Overview of the anatomy of the Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Digestive and Urogenital systems, with functional correlations.
The Nervous System
Gross anatomy and structure of the spinal cord and the brain-stem. The cerebellum: structure, afferent and efferent pathways. The thalamus and hypothalamus. The basal ganglia. The brain cortex: structure and areas. The motor and sensory pathways. Neuromuscular spindles and the proprioceptive system. Anatomical basis of reflexes.
Overview of the autonomic nervous system.
Peripheral nervous System: the spinal nerves; the plexuses: cervical, brachial and lumbosacral (dorsal, ventral and collateral branches). The intercostal nerves. Dermatomery. Peripheral distribution of cranial nerves.
Human Anatomy (Martini) (English Version), Ed. EdiSES