SEMEIOTICS AND ORTHOPTICS METHODOLOGY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The student is expected to acquire full knowledge of diagnostic manoeuvres and tests in orthoptic practice in order to be able to make a correct diagnosis of sensory-motor imbalances.
Course contents summary
Ocular motility test: test to establish the existence of an ocular deviation: the cover test, corneal reflexes, strabismus and pseudo strabismus (epicanthus, kappa angle, facial assymetry).
The incomitance of a deviation and its determination: objective methods (cover test, Hess screen, Bielschowsky test) and subjective methods (diplopia test).
Binocular vision test: in ambient conditions, with haploscope. Methods for determining suppression, CR, stereopsis.
Fixation test (visuscope, Haidenger’s brush).
Gunter k. Von Noorden: 'Visione binoculare e motilita oculare', Ed.Medical Books
M. Maione, G. Maraini: 'L'unita visiva sensorio-motoria", Ed. Libreria Goliardica (PR)