Learning outcomes of the course unit
To acquire good knowledge of the morphology and the structure of the organs and the apparatuses of the human body.
Course contents summary
Locomotor apparatus. Structural Organization (cytological and molecular) of the Bone, Cartilage and Muscular tissue. Generality on the bones, on the joints, on the muscles. Head: bones of the braincase, of the massive facial; the skull. Trunk: spinal column, vertebrae, joints and muscles of the chest.
Circulatory apparatus. Cellular and molecular Organization of the endothelium. The heart (outdoor config, in-house config, structure of the heart, and of the cardiac valves), auriculoventricular vessels. Arteries (lay-out of the arteries, arteries of the pulmonary circulation and the general circulation). General organization of the lymphatic circulatory apparatus. The blood-brain barrier: molecular anatomy. Functional and molecular anatomy of the blood-forming organs (bone marrow) and lymphoid organs (thyme, spleen and lymph nodes).
Digestive apparatus. General organization: mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach. Stomach, slim intestine, duodeno, crass intestine. The Liver and the Bilious Tracts. The Pancreas and the pancreatic tracts. The Peritoneum.
Respiratory apparatus. General Organization: Larynx, Trachea, Bronchuses and Bellows. The mechanics of the respiration.
Urinary apparatus. The macroscopic and the microscopic anatomy of the kideny. Molecular and microscopic anatomy of the nephron.
Endosecretory apparatus. General organization. Hypothalamus nucleuses and the neurosecretion. hypophysis. Thyroid and parathyroids. Adrenal glands. The testicles and the ovaries.
Central Nervous System. General anatomy of the central nervous system: the trunk of the encephalon, the cerebellum, the diencephalon, and the spinal cord. The Motor Tracts and the Tracts of the General Sensibility.
Peripheral Nervous System. General organization of the spinal nerves.
Eye: macroscopic and microscopic anatomy. Functional anatomy of the vision: origin and pathways of the optic nerve.
Ear: macroscopic anatomy of the middle ear and the inside ear. Functional anatomy of the membrane labyrinth: origin and pathway of the vestibular and of acoustic nerve.
The Tegument. Structure and organization of the skin.
Azzali G., Lockhart R. D., Hamilton G. F., Fyfe F. W.: Anatomia del corpo umano. CEA –Ambrosiana Milano.
MARTINI F.H.: Anatomia Umana, EdiSES, Napoli