|AUDIOLOGY (0 credits)||DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY APPARATUS (1 credits)|
|DISEASES OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR APPARATUS (1 credits)||INTERNAL MEDICINE (3 credits)|
|GEN.-SPEC. PEDIATRICS (1 credits)||SEMINAR IN THE HISTORY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT I (1 credits)|
|SEMINAR IN THE HISTORY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORT II (1 credits)|
Learning outcomes of the course unit
Acquire knowledge on: adaptations and adjustments caused by physical exercise; favourable and negative effects of exercise, both in healthy individuals as well as in main chronic degenerative diseases; diseases that can cause respiratory changes; injury caused by smoking and environmental pollution and broncospasm pharmacological prophylaxis; principal contraindications to competitive sports, with special reference to cardiovascular aspects; audiometric, vestibular and postural exploration techniques; principal auditive and vestibular disorders and otovestibular evaluation techniques; nutritional principles of hydration and integration in sports activity; the effects of muscular activity in adverse environmental conditions.
Must know which activity (type, intensity and duration) is indicated in individual clinical situations and must be capable of prescribing it properly.
Must possess general knowledge of the main techniques of cardiovascular testing. Must be able to administer cardio-respiratory reanimation and correctly perform functional respiratory tests, both at rest and during exercise, as well as all other tests used in the lab and in the field in functional evaluation of the various types of sports.
Course contents summary
Purpose and functions of Sports Medicine: oversee competitive and non-competitive sports activities and promote physical activity. Physical check-ups for competitive and non-competitive sports.
Diagram of the body and diagram of the motor system. Functional evaluation of major sports: body composition, posture exam, functional tests (practical applications and field work). Evaluation of muscular imbalance: Isokinetic test. Isotonic and isometric muscle strengthening. Muscle activity in water. Proprioceptive training exercises.
Cardiovascular aspects of fitness for competitive sports: cardiovascular physiopathology (general); ventricular pre-excitation; Brugada syndrome; cardiovascular therapy and diagnostic methods; arrhythmia; syncopes; . Sports and sudden death
Indications, limitations and contraindications for fitness for competitive and non-competitive sports in children, adolescents and young adults: General, cardiovascular (arrhythmia), pulmonary aspects as well as those regarding other organs and systems.
Study of respiratory functioning at rest using spirometry and evaluation of gas in the blood through hemogasanalysis. Exercise tests: 6 minute walking test (6MWT) and shuttle test. Tabagism, air pollution (PM10, ozone) and repercussions on the respiratory system. Asthma induced by physical exercise: prevention and use of broncodilator drugs. Pleura pathology with special reference to spontaneous pneumothorax .
Audiometry and vestibular, vestibular-spinal and posture exploration techniques. Auditory and vestibular disorders. Medical, prosthesis, rehabilitative and surgical therapy in deafness and vertigo. Evaluation of otovestibular damage.
Disorders related to altitude and ambient heat: hydration, diet, integration, reintegration. Physical exercise and cardiovascular risk: hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, obesity, metabolic syndrome. Sports-related anemia. Exercise-related rhabdomyolysis. Exertion (overreaching and overtraining). Allergy, immunology and physical activity.
P. Zeppilli, V. Palmieri. Manuale di Medicina dello Sport e Pronto Soccorso. Ed. CESI
Protocolli cardiologici per il giudizio di idoneita allo sport agonistico. Ed. CESI
A.P.Fhisman. Malattie polmonari il manuale. 2? ed. McGraw-Hill
J. B. West. Fisiopatologia polmonare. 5? ed.
L.Casali. Manuale di malattie dell'apparato respiratorio.
Dal Monte, M. Faina. La valutazione funzionale dell?atleta. Ed. UTET