GEOLOGY AND TERRITORY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
This course is intended for students of the Corso di Laurea Specialistica in Conservazione della Natura and provides the fundamentals about the origins and meanings of Apennine rocks and the relations between geologic structures and Apennine landscape evolution.
The course involves field observations intending to lay particular emphasis on the investigation of the Geological Heritage, that is the rocks and the structures which record important evidence of the geological history. Last, the course suggests as Geology is a logical place to start in developing an understanding of many environmental problems.
Several field excursions are planned on the Emilia Apennine that offers an outstanding natural laboratory for this education program.
Course contents summary
A- The geological features of the Northern Apennines:
- Lithostratigraphic composition of the major Apennine sequences;
- Structural framework of the Northern Apennines.
B- The Northern Apennine landforms:
- Bedrock composition and tectonic deformation controlling the evolution of the slope morphology;
- Geological structures influencing the hydrographic network configuration;
- Various kinds of geological landscapes.
C- Resources and geological hazard over Northern Apennine area:
- Subsurface water resources;
- Rock resources and quarrying;
- Mass wasting and landslides;
- Earthquake-Related Hazard over Tuscan-Emilian Apennines;
- Subsidence from groundwater extraction over Po Plain area.
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- Casati P. & Pace F., Scienze della Terra. L’atmosfera, l’acqua, i climi, i suoli. Città Studi, Milano, 1991.
- Guide Geologiche Regionali. Guida 6, L’Appennino ligure-emiliano. BEMA, Milano 1994.
- De Marchi A., Guida naturalistica del Parmense. Graphital Ed., Parma, 1997.
- Roberts J. L., Guida alle strutture geologiche, Muzzio Ed., Padova, 1991.
- Tucker M. E., Sedimentary rocks in the field. Wiley & Sons, 1996.