APPLIED ECOLOGY (UNIT 1)
Learning outcomes of the course unit
- To understand the main problems relating to the relationship between energy and environment
- To understand the meaning of environmental external costs in energy production
- To know the main environmental certification tools (EMS, LCA, Ecolabel, etc.)
- To understand the reasons why companies adopt environmental certification systems
- To know the nature and structure of ISO14001 and EMAS
- To understand the costs, benefits, opportunities and limits of environmental management systems
- To understand what conducting a LCA study involves.
Basic knowledge of environmental sciences.
Course contents summary
INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT POLICIES FOR POLLUTION CONTROL. Global ecological problems and widespread impacts. The concept of environmental externality. Sustainability and environmental policies. From “Command and Control” policies to fiscal policies and voluntary agreements. The producer’s full responsibility.
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BUSINESS AND ENVIRONMENT. The pressures which companies are under with regard to the environment. The reaction of companies: passive strategies, anticipative strategy, proactive strategies. Company environmental management tools.
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS. Environmental policy and the involvement of management. The Initial Environmental Assessment. Identification of key environmental aspects and of priorities. Definition of objectives and programmes. Drafting of procedures. Documentation management. Internal auditing activities. Revision of objectives. The Environmental Declaration.
CERTIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS. The certification of environmental management systems: the international standard, ISO14001-4 and the European regulation, EMAS. Costs and length of wait for certification. Advantages of certification. Certifying bodies. Accreditation of Inspectors.
OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT TOOLS FOR COMPANIES. The integrated Quality, Safety and Environment system. The most recent regulations for business environmental management: the IPPC and the Seveso BIS. Reporting and communication with the public administration and the public. Life cycle assessment. The ecolabel and the Community system of product labelling. Company environmental statements. Company environmental performance indicators.
ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT. Climate changes: their origin, causes and effects. Policies to combat climate changes. The convection case of climate changes, the Kyoto protocol, the conferences of the parties involved, the European Union 20-20-20 policies, costs and benefits of energy policies.
- The course lecture material is available on the lecturer’s website: www.giuliodeleo.it
- the fourth IPCC report
- Gaetano Caropreso, Catto Emilia G., Pernigotti Daniele. Nuova Uni EN-ISO 14001: Guida Pratica allo Sviluppo e all'applicazione di un Sistema di Gestione Ambientale. IL SOLE 24 ORE PIROLA, 2006
- class exercises, discussion of case studies
- calculation exercises
- seminars given by invited professional experts
- field trips
The organisation of the course, which involves seminars and interventions, as well as exercises in the field and in the computer laboratory and a couple of field trips, requires attendance at 75% of the lectures at least.
The final mark will be determined as follows:
* 10% for participation in class
* 10% for the obligatory LCA and EMAS exercises
* 80% for the written exam