PORTUGUESE LITERATURE I
Learning outcomes of the course unit
To provide an introduction to the Portuguese modernist movement in its two phases, as well as a thorough analysis of its leading figures and of the magazines which spread the movement’s ideas. To link it to the wider avant-garde movement of the early twentieth century and to compare the first and second phases of Portuguese modernism.
Course contents summary
Title: Modernism and Portuguese modernism: turmoil and sedimentation.
The course will follow a cultural movement, which includes both literature and plastic arts, that went through two different and distinct phases in Portugal: first, modernism in and around 1915. It was mainly associated with the Orpheu magazine and its most prominent members included Fernando Pessoa, Mário de Sá-Carneiro and Almada Negreiros. This was followed by what may be considered as a second Portuguese modernism in 1927 linked to the Coimbra Presença magazine, and which continued to uphold and spread the values and personality which had created scandal rather than acceptance or comprehension in local cultural circles in 1915.
- Octavio Paz, «Ignoto a se stesso» in Ignoto a se stesso. Saggi su Fernando Pessoa e Luís Cernuda, Genova, Il Melangolo, 1988, pp. 9-40 (photocopy).
- Robert Bréchon, «O Dia Triunfal (1914-1915)» in Estranho Estrangeiro, Lisboa, Quetzal, 1996, pp. 207-224 (in the department library).
- Enrico Martines, Fernando Pessoa e “presença”: due generazioni a confronto in un intreccio epistolare (photocopied hand-out from lecturer).
- Enrico Martines, José Régio, poeta di Dio e del Diavolo, Parma, MUP, 2003 (chapters I & II).
• Lettura dell’antologia poetica di Fernando Pessoa, Il poeta è un fingitore, L’Aquila, Japadre, 1988 (in the library, study the introduction and data charts compiled by Giuseppe Tavani).
• Lettura delle poesie di Mário de Sá-Carneiro e Almada Negreiros pubblicate in Orpheu (photocopy).
• Lettura del romanzo di Mário de Sá-Carneiro, La confessione di Lucio, Palermo, Sellerio, 1987 (in the library)
• Lettura delle raccolte poetiche Poemas de Deus e do Diabo e Mas Deus é Grande, contained in the above-mentioned volume José Régio, poeta di Dio e del Diavolo.