PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The acquisition of the fundamental knowledge of the statutus of philosophy of religion, the history of the discipline, and its problems
Course contents summary
Course Title: Philosophy of religion and atheism
As a sui generis philosophical discipline, the philosophy of religion can be synthetically defined as «thinking religion philosophically». Which place does the negation of religion, namely, atheism, occupy within the philosophy of religion? Even before and more generally, what is atheism? How can it exist? Why does it exist?
The course is divided into two modules. After a brief history of atheism, the first module will analyse some of the developments that the debate concerning the relation between religion and atheism has had in the history of the philosophy of religion from the XVIIth century to present. The second module will focus on some lesser-known figures that the prevailing atheism has had in France between the end of the XIXth and the beginning of the XXth century and on the critique made against them by some of the contemporary philosophies of religion.
1. The required readings for the first module are:
J. SPERNA WEILAND, Histoire de l’athéisme: une esquisse, in AA.VV., Ateismo e società, a cura di A. Babolin, vol I, Editrice Benucci, Perugia 1992, pp. 27-65;
and at least two other essays, among those contained in:
AA.VV., Ateismo e società, a cura di M. Micheletti e A. Savignano, vol. II, Editrice Benucci, Perugia 1993.
2. The compulsory reading for the second module is the essay:
F. ROSSI, Religione e ateismo tra la fine dell’Ottocento e l’inizio del Novecento in Francia, in AA.VV., Ateismo e società, a cura di M. Micheletti e A. Savignano, vol. II, Editrice Benucci, Perugia 1993, pp. 211-290.