Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course is designed to give the students the methods for studying the morphological and functional organization of the human body at the different levels of organization: the cell, the tissues, the organs, the gross anatomy of the human body.
Course contents summary
General organization of the human body. Terminology. Anatomical planes.
Locomotor system: classification of the bones, joints and muscles.
Overview of the skull, spine, thorax, pelvis, superior and inferior limbs.
Cardiovascular system: overview of the circulatory system, gross anatomy of the heart, microscopic anatomy and ultrastructure of the myocardium, of the arteries, veins and capillaries.
Hemo-lymphopoietic system: anatomy and histo-functional correlations of the bone marrow, thymus, spleen, lymphonodes.
Digestive system: general organization. Microscopic anatomy of the stomach, mesenterial gut, colon, liver and pancreas.
Ultrastructure and immunocytochemistry of the gastric mucosa, intestinal villus, liver lobule. Histo-functional correlations.
Respiratory system: general organization of the upper and lower respiratory tracts. Gross anatomy of the lung. Ultrastructure of the lung alveolus. Histo-functional correlations.
Urinary system: gross anatomy of the kidney, ureter and bladder. Ultrastructure of the nephron. Histo-functional correlations.
Endocrine system: overview. Microscopic anatomy and immunocytochemistry of the hypophysis, thyroid, adrenal glands and endocrine pancreas. Histo-functional correlations.
Nervous System: general organization of the brain, spinal cord and of the peripheral nervous plexuses. Immunocytochemistry of the neuron.