ADVANCED HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The knowledge of the mechanisms by which the humanorganism obtains and maintains the homeostasis at level of cell and tissue, themechanisms of transport and communication and the basal metabolism.
-Theknowledge of the functional mechanisms of the human body organs, the knowledgeof their dynamic integration in apparatuses and the general mechanisms offunctional control in normal conditions and in particular pathologicalconditions.
-The knowledge of the main functional reports in healthy humans.
Course contents summary
Cell membrane.Mechanisms of passive permeability. Selectivepermeability. Simplediffusion. Facilitated diffusion. Active transport.Osmosis. Filtration.
Physiology of theautonomic nervous system and homeostasis. Functional anatomy of theautonomic nervous system: sympathetic, parasympathetic and enteric systems. Autonomicreflexes. Functional anatomy ofhypothalamus. Hypothalamic-hypophysialaxes. Homeostasis. Hunger and satiety.Control mechanisms of bodyweight. Thirst and its control mechanisms. Bodytemperature and itsregulation. Cold-blooded and homeothermic animals. Heatproduction andheat-loss mechanisms. Central mechanisms for temperatureregulation.Hyperthermia and hypothermia. Motivation.
W.J. Germann, C.L.Stanfield, FISIOLOGIA UMANA, Ed. EdiSES