FUNDAMENTALS OF PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course provides basic notions on the principles of medicinal chemistry, on the chemical, physico-chemical and structural properties influencing drug action, and on the mechanism of action of the most important classes of drugs. Examples of biological drugs and of drugs whose design and development were based on the application of biotechnological techniques will be treated.
Basic notions of organic chemistry and biochemistry
Course contents summary
Principles of medicinal chemistry
Naming of drugs
Classification of drugs
Moments of drug action: pharmaceutical, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic phases.
Chemical and physico-chemical properties influencing drug action: isomerism, reactivity, lipophilicity, ionization, solubility.
Drug targets and their mechanism of action. Examples of drugs interacting with:
· nucleic acids,
Drug absorption and distribution, binding to proteins.
Drug metabolism: phase I and phase II transformations.
Selected examples of drugs
Monoclonal antibodies and immunoconjugates.
G. L. Patrick: "An Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry"; Fourth Edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009.
T. L. Lemke, D. A. Williams: “Foye’s Principi di Chimica Farmaceutica” PICCIN, Padova, 2009.
D. J. A. Crommelin, R. D. Sindelar, B. Meibohm: "Pharmaceutical Biotechnology: Fundamentals and Applications"; Third Edition, Informa Healthcare, 2007.
The oral exam at the end of the course will cover all the topics treated during the lessons. The student has to demonstrate that he/she has understood and is able to discuss the importance of the major concepts of each topic.