Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course starts from the basics of information representation, passes through logic networks, to provide the basic architectural aspects of modern computers.
The course is structured into frontal lessons and a set of directed exercitations on logic networks and IA-32 assembly programming.
Course contents summary
Part I – Introduction to computing systems
Historic and technological evolution
Architecture and organization of modern computers
System levels and models
Binary, hexadecimal and octal numeric systems
Binary representation of real numbers
Alphanumeric information and its representation
Representation of sounds, images and videos
Part II – Logic level
Algebra of networks
Canonical forms and transformations
Logic networks minimization
Part III – Functional level
Relationship between the functional level and micro-architectures
Organization of a modern computer
The I/O subsystem
Part IV – IA-32 Architecture and assembly language
The CPU IA-32: memory management, registers, flags
IA-32 instructions set
Modern extensions to the instructions set: MMX, 3DNow!, SSE, SSE2
Assembly programming and interface with the C level
Part V – Software level
Basic introduction to operating systems
Basic introduction to compilers for C-like languages
Assembly code generation for a subset of the C language
Part VI – Micro-architetture level
The micro-architecture: hardwired and micro-programmed design
Basic introduction on a micro-programmed architecture for NMOS 6502 CPUs
I/O management at the micro-architecture level: interrupts and DMA
Interaction with the software level
David A. Patterson, John L. Hennessy. Struttura e Progetto dei Calcolatori, Zanichelli, 2006.
Giacomo Bucci. Architettura e organizzazione dei calcolatori elettronici - Fondamenti, McGraw-Hill, 2004.
William Stallings. Architettura e organizzazione dei calcolatori - Progetto e prestazioni, Addison Wesley, 2004.
Andrew S. Tanenbaum. Architettura dei Calcolatori, 5a edizione, Prentice Hall, 2006.
Randall Hyde. The Art of Assembly Programming, available online.
Classes and laboratories are located at Dipartimento di Matematica.
Laboratory exercizes share time slots with classes.
Classes are allocated according to the calendar of Facoltà di Scienze MM.FF.NN.
Dates of exams will be available at http://informatica.unipr.it
Meetings with lecturers can be requested via e-mail.