PHYSICAL TECHNIQUES FOR ARCHAEOMETRICS
Learning outcomes of the course unit
To provide students with basic working knowledge in order to be able to describe, use and interpret data relating to the most important techniques of a “physical” nature used in archaeometry, also taking into consideration significant case studies from recent literature.
Course contents summary
Methodology of physical studies.
Vibrational spectroscopy – FTIR – Raman – SERS.
X-ray absorption – EXAFS – XANES.
PIXE (Particle-Induced X-ray Emission) – PIGE (Particle-Induced Gamma-ray Emission) - IBA techniques – RBS techniques – neutron activation nuclear techniques.
LIBS (Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy).
Photoelectron spectroscopy – Auger – UPS-XPS – surface techniques.
Dating and thermoluminescence techniques.
Applications – modern art.
Case studies: ceramics – glass – metals – wood and stone materials – fabrics – pigments – wall paintings – polychromies.
Lecture notes provided by the teacher – notes on case studies from the literature.
Lectures with illustrations of case studies and aid in library research.
Oral test with a presentation of a report on one or more case studies, approached with several physical techniques. Discussion of laboratory experience is an integral part of the test.