Learning outcomes of the course unit
The aim of the course is to provide the basis for rock identification on the basis of their structural and textural features and mineral associations. The course is divided in two parts: 1. identification and description of hand samples, 2. identification and description of the rocks at microscope.
Course contents summary
1. Main processes of rock formation.
2. Magmatic rocks: physical and chemical features of magmas, crystallisation of magmas, magma evolution. Classification of magmatic rocks: structural and textural features, mineral associations, chemical compositions.
3. Metamorphic rocks: definition, limits and types of metamorphism. Metamorphic minerals and metamorphic structures. Classification of metamorphic rocks.
4. Sedimentary rocks: rock degradation, sediment transport and deposition. Lithification of sediments. Composition, structure and texture of sedimentary rocks and their classification.
D'Argenio B., Innocenti F., Sassi F.P. - Introduzione allo studio delle rocce. Ed. UTET, Torino
Mottana A. - Fondamenti di mineralogia geologica. Ed. Zanichelli, Bologna