GENERAL CHEMISTRY B
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The course of General Chemistry is aimed:
- to supply a chemical reading key for the understanding of the natural phenomena;
- to introduce the fundamental knowledge for the study of matter in relation to its composition, structure, reactivity, property.
The course is organized topics with particular reference to problems involving the environment.
Course contents summary
Thermochemistry and chemical thermodynamics
The three principles of thermodynamics. Energetic in chemical systems. Enthalpy, entropy and Gibbs free energy.
Homogeneous systems. Mass action law. Equilibrium constant. Heterogeneous systems. Phase rule. Phase diagrams of one-component systems.
Proton exchange equilibria
Nature of acids and bases. Relationships between structure and acid/base properties. Ionization of water. pH. pH indicators. Hydrolysis. Anphoter compounds. Buffer solutions. Solubility of salts, solubility product constant.
Electron exchange equilibria
Galvanic cells, electrolytic cells, accumulators. Standard reduction potentials. Nerst law. Faraday laws. Application od the electrochemical series of elements.
Reaction speed. Reaction order. Reaction mechanisms. Molecular collision theory. Transition state. Photochemical reactions. Catalysts and inhibitors.
Kotz, Treichel, Chimica, SES.
Malatesta, Cenini, Principi di chimica generale, C.E. Ambrosiana.
Atkins, Jones, Chimica Generale, Zanichelli.
Nardelli, Introduzione alla chimica moderna, C.E. Ambrosiana.
Gillespy, Humphreys, Baird, Robinson, Chimica, SES.
Petrucci, Harwood, Chimica generale, Piccin.